People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Musahar (Hindu traditions)

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
220,000 Maithili Hinduism 0.50 % Unknown   

Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Musahar are considered one of the lowest of the Dalit groups within India and suffer tremendously from their status in society. Their name is derived from two words meaning "rat catcher" and is likely attributed to them for their tendency to eat rodents in times of dire need. They are short in stature with a long narrow headshape and broad nasal features.

What are their lives like?
Numbering two million in mostly in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh they have large families and live with several generations in the same household. A Musahar village is almost always filled with children. Though they will frequently speak Hindi, the local trade language, they will speak Angika or Awadhi at home.

Land ownership is rare and most will work as agricultural laborers, day laborers or forest and fishing. The women also work in agriculture or other unskilled labor such as stitching leaf-plates.

Education is not valued and literacy is extremely low with literacy rates running 2-6%. Often times they will drop out at the primary level due to social or economic factors. Modern development programs have had little impact on them as few if any of the sparse allocated resources designated for them every reach them in their need. Many times their wages are paid in crops and they trade in the market place through barter.

What are their beliefs?
Traditionally they follow their tribal faith and will worship their family deity, the village deity as well as the gods of the wider Hindu faith.

What are their needs?
Due their extreme poverty they live far from towns and cities which have proper health care. Nor do they have the capacity to travel to avail themselves of these facilities. The result is a desperate health care situation. Child mortality and maternal mortality are high and the life span is short which is exasperated by high rates of alcoholism among the male population.

Much of their condition is a result of their low position in the caste hierarchy. They are considered untouchables and treated with disdain by all other sections of society. Any attempts at economic advancement will be taken away from them or destroyed and they have little or no capacity to retain property rights. Their constitutional rights of education and food subsidies are routinely denied through corruption and caste based policies. They are powerless and voiceless, unable to change their situation alone. Sadly many Musahar women are kidnapped or sold into prostitution in the major metropolitan cities. Without recourse this becomes their new life, oppressed, abused and forced to suffer in silence.

View Musahar (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: Nepal
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:32 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:220,000
Largest Provinces:
Sagarmatha (77,000)Janakpur (56,000)
Kosi (51,000)Narayani (26,000)
Lumbini (5,800)Mechi (3,000)
Bheri (800)Bagmati (300)
Seti (300)Gandaki (80)
Total Provinces on file:12
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Musahar (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BanmanusBanraja
BhuiyaGaur
GonrMusahar Bhuiya
MusharMushr
Palamau Bhuiyaमुसहर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 113160
Joshua Project People ID: 17711
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 220,000
Population all Countries: 3,297,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - Other
People Name General: Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Maithili (200,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mai    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (26,000)Nepali (3,400)
Angika (2,900)Magahi (1,500)
Hindi (700)Awadhi (600)
Rangpuri (200)Bengali (100)
Kumaoni (60)
Total Languages: 10
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.58 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.76 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.16 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
2010Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoGood News
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Dalit - Other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Musahar (Hindu traditions) Nepal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Maithili  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17711&rog3=NP