People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Muthan in India

Muthan

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

You need to upgrade your Flash Player
Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
7,100 Malayalam Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Muthan in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Othai, at the foot of the Cholar hills and at the bank of Chaliar river, can be reached traveling through Arikode or Edavanna in Malappuram district, Kerala. A look to east from Othai, Cholar hills can be seen. The inhabitants of these hills are known as Malamuthans. (Mala means hills) They are seen in many mounts in Nilambur forest region.

Although they were provided with rehabilitation package with government setting up girijan (tribal) colonies in Nilambur, Kalkulam, Chokkad and Cherupuzha, Malamuthans here prefer to remain in the Cholar hills. Malamuthans who live in the hills have a higher standard of living compared to their counterparts who had settled in girijan colonies.

While scaling the steep mounts and reach the summit there are cashew plantations where some houses are seen intermittently, roofed with tiles. A number of trees camouflage houses that are located amidst the trees. Tiles and the materials for constructing these houses were carried on head from the nearby towns.

While climbing up, we saw many who were on a downhill journey. Some of them go for their daily job in the nearby towns and others are children who go to school.

Bamboo, which is abundantly grown here are cut and dispatched to the valley for sale. The felled trees, are laid, stacked and fired to make coal. This coal is in great demand since it is the most commonly used fuel for hotels in the towns. The wholesalers of bamboo and coal used to come to the valley. Major cultivations of Malamuthans are plantain, tapioca and paddy. Some fields of these Muthans are given on lease to the people in the town at throwaway prices.

Journeying uphill was tiresome. My guide and I had to stop frequently to breath. We stopped near by a hut roofed with hay. Walls were laid up of raw bricks. When I was about to catch the bamboo beam projected from the roof, a voice was heard, "Don't hold it". An old woman was shouting in the tribal dialect. She was drying paddy spread on a bamboo mat in the courtyard. Out of curiosity I asked, "What happens if I touched?" "I will burn the house, if defiled." The answer was instant. She continued, "In this hill only two of us remain untouched. At least we want to die with sanctity". The old woman's chief grouse was that all her people had defiled themselves by their association with the natives in the town, where some worked there, inter-married and spoiled the traditions of the clan.

The other person whom she mentioned was the Mooppan (elder) of the hill. He was living alone, cooking food for himself since his sons had married from other community. Due to age Mooppan lost his eyesight. In the flashlight of the camera the vessels he used were seen lying in a dark floor of the house. He was lying there to breath his last.

Muthans worship hill goddess. Owing to their contact with the people in the town many other gods too 'climbed up' the hill. The popular notion in Kerala is Adivasis (native tribes) in Kerala are uncivilized but the Muthans on Cholar hills are an exception to that.

They try to combine a modern civilization and lifestyle. There are many more Muthans on the other hills of the Western Ghat, who live with a century old practices.

View Muthan in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:7,100
Largest States:
Kerala (4,700)Tamil Nadu (2,400)
Total States on file:2
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Muthan
People Name General: Muthan
Alternate People Names:
MalamuthanMalavala Shiva
MoothanMussad
MuthathuMuttatu
मुतन
ROP3 Code: 113166
Joshua Project People ID: 17716
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 7,100
Population all Countries: 7,100
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - Other
People Name General: Muthan
Ethnic Code: CNN23b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Malayalam (6,500 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mal    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (500)
Total Languages: 2
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1811-1968
New Testament:
1829-1995Audio
Complete Bible: 1841-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: മലയാളം - Malayalam
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Muthan in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Hindu - Other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Muthan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Muthan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Malayalam  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17716&rog3=IN