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Paharia in India

Paharia

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Paharia in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
16,000 Santhali Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Paharia in India

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Introduction / History
India is a complex mosaic of ethnic, linguistic, religious, and social groupings. Because of this diversity, it is extremely difficult to adequately describe any single people group.

India may be divided into four main regions: the Himalayas, the northern river-plains region, the Deccan Plateau, and the Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains. Because of numerous geographical features, climatic conditions are also widely diverse on both a seasonal and regional basis, ranging from tropical to temperate extremes.

While the majority of the Pahari live in Pakistan, a smaller group can be found in India, mainly in the northern states of Jammu and Kashmir. Their language is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family. Little is known about their specific lifestyle and culture.

What are their lives like?
Most of India's population lives in rural areas and is engaged in some form of agriculture. Many are farmers growing barely enough to survive. Farms are extremely small and are often very fragmented. The raising of livestock, particularly horned cattle, buffalo, horses, and mules, is a central feature of the agricultural economy. Because of Hindu influence, however, these animals are used almost exclusively as beasts of burden rather than sources of meat.

Indian culture is primarily Hindu-oriented. Many Hindu institutions, including the rigid caste (social class) system, have wide-ranging effects on Indian society. The word caste basically means breed, race, or kind. Indian society is divided into hierarchical castes which are usually endogamous (marriage only within the caste). Castes may be defined by occupation or by kinship and lineage, although there are some exceptions. Nevertheless, caste is so fundamental to the social organization of India that it prevails in all parts, except some of the tribal populations. Not enough is known about the Pahari to accurately place them in the caste system; thus, their particular lifestyle cannot be adequately described.

The people of Jammu, where many of the Pahari live, are open-hearted with a good sense of humor. They are generally good-looking, smart, tall, and well-built. Most people eat three meals a day and have been known to drink alcoholic beverages. Their social life is reflected in their festivals and fairs, most of which are associated with religious events.

What are their beliefs?
The Pahari are nearly all Hindu and follow the basic Hindu customs and traditions. The term "Hinduism" came into use about 1200A.D., but clearly identifying what Hindus believe is difficult. The religion has no founder, no prophet, and no instructional system. It is a way of living much more than a theology; it is a philosophy more than a religion. Contrary to popular belief in the West, Hinduism is not an ancient, fixed set of beliefs. Rather, it is a body of customs, practices, and beliefs that go through major changes every few hundred years.

The majority, though not all, of Hindus believe in a supreme being. Some respect all life and eat only vegetables, while others will gladly eat meat from sacrifices in the temple. To some, their religion is highly personal; to others, it is impersonal. While most Hindus worship Brahman (the creator), Shiva (the destroyer), Vishnu (the preserver), and the goddess Shaktri, they also worship a pantheon of other minor gods, their incarnations, spouses, or offspring. A belief in reincarnation (continual cycle of death and rebirth) is one of the few unifying features of Hinduism.

What are their needs?
The Pahari have few Christian resources available in their own language. The small number of Christian believers need materials so that they might be encouraged and strengthened in their walk with the Lord. Fervent intercession and pioneer missions efforts are needed to see the Pahari won to Christ.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into India who will share the Good News with the Pahari.
* Pray that God will use the Pahari believers to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to call intercessors who will stand in the gap for the Pahari.

View Paharia in all countries.

Prayer Links  
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:16,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (7,100)Maharashtra (3,500)
Uttar Pradesh (2,000)Chhattisgarh (1,700)
Odisha (1,000)Jharkhand (500)
Total States on file:6
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Paharia
People Name General: Paharia
Alternate People Names:
Dhanus SavaraPahad
PahaidiaPahaira
PahariPahariya
PahiraPahiri
PahorPahriya
Saora Dhanusपाहरिया
ROP3 Code: 113284
Joshua Project People ID: 17811
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 16,000
Population all Countries: 16,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asian, other
People Name General: Paharia
Ethnic Code: AUG06z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Santhali (8,300 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): sat    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Paharia
Dialect Code:16318
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (2,400)Hindi (2,100)
Marathi (1,200)Chhattisgarhi (1,100)
Odia (800)
Total Languages: 6
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1868-1989
New Testament:
1887-1962
Complete Bible: 1914-2005
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoEnlightened Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Santhali
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Santali
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Paharia in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asian, other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Paharia India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Paharia in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Santhali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17811&rog3=IN