People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Panika in India

Panika

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Panika in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,093,000 Chhattisgarhi Hinduism 0.04 % Unknown   

Panika in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Very little is known about the origin of the Panika. Although some sources say that the Panika are of Dravidian origin, others simply refer to them as unclassified. The Panika live primarily in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh, central India. There are additional communities in the Maikal mountains surrounding Madhya Pradesh. These communities live among the historic Gond people.

The Panika tribe is divided into two broad groups: the Kabirpanthi (the largest group) and the Sakta. The Kabirpanthi follow the teachings of a man named Saint Kabir. They avoid liquor, meat, and other "unclean" practices; therefore, they consider themselves purer and more advanced than the Sakta. The Sakta, who are addicted to liquor and eat meat freely, are more tribal in nature.

The Panika were once known among the tribes for their honesty. However, it is said that this characteristic has disappeared over the last thirty years.

What are their lives like?
The Maikal Mountains consist of flat-topped plateaus that reach elevations of 2000 to 3000 feet. Eight different rivers have carved extensive basins in the soft rock formations of these mountains, and this is where the Panika have settled.

The Kabirpanthi Panika have farmed the fertile river basin area for years. Their principal crops include rice, wheat, chick-peas, sorghum, corn, sesame, and mustard seeds. As a whole, their society is wealthy and most of their children attend school. Some of the people have vast fields, cattle, and several steers. Many are employed as village watchmen, forest guards, and teachers, while others are excellent businessmen. Those who have moved to the capital city live in an agricultural market district, which is also a junction for railroads and an intersection of major roads. They buy goods from the rural Panika, which they stock and sell in the market at higher rates. They are also doing an increased amount of business with outsiders.

The Sakta Panika have been much more hesitant to settle on farms and begin raising cattle. They still rely heavily on hunting and gathering for survival. Their traditional trade of cloth weaving is gradually becoming obsolete due to the rapid production of mill-made cloth in their area. Yet, there is still a high demand for the colorful hand-made garments, so the Sakta continue to weave and trade their beautiful cloths.

The Panika live in multi-ethnic villages alongside the Gond, the Baiga, the Pardhi, and other tribes. They are organized into a number of groups, which are mostly named after various plants and animals. There is a strict prohibition of marriage within the same group, and girls are usually married before they reach puberty.

What are their beliefs?
Hinduism was introduced to the Panika in the twelfth century. The Sakta worship many different village deities; whereas, the Kabirpanthi have formed their own sect and have no faith in outward observances, idol worship, or social class (or caste) distinctions.

The Kabirpanthi Panika are required to observe sanctity and purity in their daily lives and behavior. They believe that good behavior and meditation on the virtues of god are the methods of finding fulfillment. Those who are literate read their holy books, which contain the messages of Saint Kabir. Many illiterates are now learning to read and write because they have been so swayed by the teachings of Kabir.

The Kabirpanthi Panika wear small beaded necklaces. During their religious ceremonies, they sing praise songs to the music of cymbals, and the guru (teacher) teaches morning and evening prayers.

What are their needs?
The Panika are almost entirely unevangelized. Prayer is the first step toward seeing them reached with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into India to work among the Panika.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to break up the spiritual soil of India through intercession.
* Ask God to encourage the small number of Panika believers and use them to share the Gospel with their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Panika towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a vigorous Panika church for the glory of His name!

View Panika in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,093,000
Largest States:
Chhattisgarh (784,000)Madhya Pradesh (197,000)
Jharkhand (57,000)Uttar Pradesh (26,000)
West Bengal (14,000)Odisha (13,000)
Maharashtra (1,700)Karnataka (600)
Tripura (200)Kerala (40)
Total States on file:13
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Panika
People Name General: Panika
Alternate People Names:
Banna MalayaMirgan
PanPanka
Panoपनिका
ROP3 Code: 113297
Joshua Project People ID: 17824
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,093,000
Population all Countries: 1,093,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - Other
People Name General: Panika
Ethnic Code: CNN25g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Chhattisgarhi (537,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hne    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (437,000)Odia (47,000)
Sadri (30,000)Bengali (17,000)
Mirgan (5,900)Gondi, Northern (3,400)
Bhojpuri (2,400)Magahi (1,400)
Kannada (400)Marathi (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 19
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.04 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.82 % 
Islam0.03 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.10 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1904-1952
New Testament:
2005Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Chhattisgarhi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chhattisgarhi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chhattisgarhi
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Panika in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Tribal - Other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Panika India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Panika in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Chhattisgarhi  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17824&rog3=IN