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Pan in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,609,000 Odia Hinduism 0.39 % Unknown   

Pan in India

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Introduction / History
Orissa, India is the primary home of the Pano or Pan people. Many Pans also live in other parts of India such as West Bengal, Jharhand and Andhra Pradesh. The Pano or Pan people are distributed in the Balasore, Cuttack, Puri, Dhankanal and Ganjam districts of Orissa and on the border to West Bengal and Bihar. They have endogamous occupational sub-groups known as Bunapano and Dhulipano. They use Shamal as their surnames.

What are their lives like?
The Panos are Oriya speaking people while some of them also speak Hindi. They are non-vegetarian and rice is their staple food. The majority of Panos live by farming or fishing. They take menial jobs because they are Dalits. Pan people have faced considerable health problems related to contaminated water, poor diet, respiratory infections and lack of medical care. Several charitable groups have made efforts to help them with these problems. This has helped, but most of them still face these same problems. Most Panos worship Hindu and village deities and participate in ancestral worship. They are still unreached, according to the Joshua Project web site.

They are divided into a number of lineages, which regulate marriage alliances and indicate one's ancestry. They have only one gotra, the Nagasa. Their traditional and primary occupation is to serve as serfs to the land holding communities. However a few of them are engaged in private business, in cultivation, as daily wage labourers and as musicians. Their literacy rate is 22.8 percent. They use both modern and indigenous medicines.

What are their beliefs?
The Pano worship gods and goddesses such as Mahadev and Durga. Their village deities are Lakhmi, Mongla and Jogmaya. Jogmaya is considered to be their chief deity. The Panos have presumed kinship with other communities such as the Mahaprasad, Mokar and the Maitra. They act as musicians during the worship and life cycle rituals of other communities.

"The Panos in our Orissa parish are demanding that they should receive privileges like the Kui Samaj people since they speak Kui. The Kui Samaj resent this and point out that Panos should not have any of the tribal status they have since many of them are Dalit Christians and are therefore beneath them as a people. The Kuis resent any Panos who would try to receive any benefits even though most Panos are living in severe poverty. Many of our Pano Christians face continued persecution from the Hindu groups and even from their own people." The Catholic Priest was explaining to his bishop the seriousness of the problems faced by the Pano people.

Prayer Points
For the salvation of the Pano people and that God may send several Christian workers to work among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
For community development programs and opportunities to hear the gospel message through different ways.
Pray that many in Pano communities will know Jesus as Savior.

View Pan in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-09
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,609,000
Largest States:
Odisha (1,473,000)West Bengal (33,000)
Jharkhand (31,000)Chhattisgarh (24,000)
Andhra Pradesh (14,000)Assam (11,000)
Bihar (2,700)Karnataka (1,900)
Delhi (1,400)Maharashtra (1,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pan
People Name General: Pan
Alternate People Names:
Oriya PanPan Tanti
Sut BauriTantabai
ROP3 Code: 113314
Joshua Project People ID: 17840
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,609,000
Population all Countries: 1,613,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Pan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (1,218,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (74,000)Hindi (38,000)
Assamese (4,600)Chhattisgarhi (4,200)
Sadri (3,600)Panchpargania (2,900)
Kui (2,000)Kurux (1,300)
Mundari: Bhumij (1,000)Bhojpuri (900)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 27
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.25 % 
Christianity0.39 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.36 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Odia
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Pan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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