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Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) in India

Paraiyan (Hindu traditions)

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Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,470,000 Tamil Hinduism 0.18 % Unknown   

Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Paraiyan of India are also called Parayan. It has been said that Paraiyan is a Tamil word meaning drums and comes from the word Parai. They play the drums at weddings and other occasions too. They are Hindus by religion.

In Tamil Nadu, the Paraiyan speak in Tamil. They are small to medium in size. They are not vegetarians and they eat beef and pork as well as other meats. Rice is a main cereal with them. Marriages with cousins are favored. They live off the land and cultivation is their main work. The women help with agriculture. They believe in education. Traditional and modern medicines are used as well as family planning.

The Paraiyan in Kerala have migrated from Tamil Nadu. They do basket work, agricultural work and play the drums. Perakuttu is one of their Hindu gods. They believe in having their children educated.

In Pondicherry, as with the other Paraiya, about a third of them can read and write. The gospel may need to be given in oral form also. The Paraiyan also live in the state of Karnataka.

Prayer Points
Pray that God gives the Paraiyan dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
Pray that gospel materials will bring them to Jesus Christ.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,470,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (2,014,000)Kerala (327,000)
Andhra Pradesh (46,000)Puducherry (33,000)
Maharashtra (13,000)Delhi (6,100)
Telangana (3,700)Karnataka (2,800)
Haryana (1,800)Madhya Pradesh (600)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Paraiyan (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Paraiyan (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
Christian Adi DravidaParayan
Parayan ChristianPariah
SambavarSambavar Christian
Veppur Parayanपरैयाँ
ROP3 Code: 113318
Joshua Project People ID: 17844
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,470,000
Population all Countries: 2,575,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Paraiyan (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (1,922,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (237,000)Telugu (12,000)
Konkani (1,000)English (1,000)
Kannada (500)Tulu (60)
Total Languages: 7
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.08 % 
Christianity0.18 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.73 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFinding Peace
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppBible app direct APK download
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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