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Paravan (Hindu traditions) in India

Paravan (Hindu traditions)

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Paravan (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
103,000 Malayalam Hinduism 0.11 % Unknown   

Paravan (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Paravan are a sea people who live along the coast of South India and Sir Lanka. Since ancient times, they have been involved in sea trade, boat building and fishing. Devout, educated Hindus considered these jobs to be degrading so they placed the Paravan outside the Hindu caste system as Dalits. The Paravan have been primarily an oral culture since reading and writing were unnecessary for their occupations.

What are their lives like?
For hundreds of years the Paravan of South India have made their living from the sea. They have dived for pearls, collected shells, fished, and made salt for their living. They have moved goods in their boats and made boats and fishing nets for sale. When fishing was poor, the Paravan were in danger of starvation. The public educational system of India gives the Paravan children the opportunity to gain literacy and improve their economic situation. Still many Paravan children leave school after a few years in order to help their parents provide for the family. If the Paravan do graduate from secondary school, they will be able to participate in a growing Indian economy. These man industries of India include tourism, the export of tea, textiles, computer science, and telecommunication. Paravan parents strongly encourage their children to marry within their group. Monogamy or marriage to one spouse is the norm.

What are their beliefs?
The Paravan practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Paravan visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hope of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians do with their heavenly Father. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Paravan people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.

What are their needs?
The Paravan children need to be in school and to gain literacy skills to help their families. Adult Paravan would benefit from learning new job skills. The Paravan must understand that Jesus is more than another Hindu god or guru. He is the Son of the one, true God of the Bible. Only through Christ can their sins be forgiven.

Prayer Points
Pray the Lord of the harvest sends workers to the Paravan in India to tell them the good news. Pray that Paravan parents can provide for the needs of their children. Ask the Lord to raise up a Disciple Making Movement among the Paravan in this decade. Pray for a spiritual hunger among the Paravan community leaders. Pray for many showings of the Tamil JESUS Film in Paravan areas.


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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:103,000
Largest States:
Kerala (69,000)Tamil Nadu (26,000)
Karnataka (4,100)Andhra Pradesh (2,400)
Puducherry (200)Delhi (200)
Telangana (100)Maharashtra (50)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Paravan (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Paravan (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BaratharChuna Parava
Chunna ParavanCunnambu
Hindu ParavaKurup
Latin CatholicLatin Catholics
ROP3 Code: 113320
Joshua Project People ID: 17846
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 103,000
Population all Countries: 105,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Paravan (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Malayalam (60,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mal    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (25,000)Kannada (1,300)
Tulu (500)English (200)
Total Languages: 5
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.20 % 
Christianity0.11 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.69 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1968
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1841-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: Malayalam
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Malayalam
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Paravan (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Paravan (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Paravan (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Malayalam  
    All Religions                              

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