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Parenga in India

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
14,000 Odia Hinduism 0.12 % Unknown   

Parenga in India

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Introduction / History
The Parengas are a tribal people, also known in India as a Scheduled Tribe. Scheduled Tribe status means that they are low in status. Their name comes from a word meaning "subjects." In the distant past they wore tree bark for clothes. Today there is nothing in their jewelry or clothes that sets them apart from other communities.

Where are they located?
The Hindu Parenga people live in Odisha, a state in eastern India.

What are their lives like?
This Scheduled Tribe works as farmers. They usually own their own land, but they do not use modern farming techniques as a rule. Most of the time their fields are watered by rain, not by irrigation, and most of them only use manure rather than chemical fertilizers. They supplement their incomes by working for others. Parenga children begin working at age nine or ten, and they seldom get much education, especially the girls. They have their own folk dances and music.

The Parenga people have many clans, and each member is considered a sibling of the others, so they do not marry within their clans. There are five ways marriages are decided: By elopement, by capture, by parental negotiations, by exchange, and by service where one family does work for the other in exchange for the marriage. After the wedding, the wife is involved with all aspects of family life, and she is key to contributing to the family income. The Parenga have both nuclear and extended families, determined by the preference of a particular family.

What are their beliefs?
The Parenga people are officially Hindu, but like most tribal people, they have their own set of gods. Hundi or Nisani are their village gods. They also worship a number of Hindu gods.

What are their needs?
This people group needs to find new ways to make a living since their land will only hold up for so long before it becomes less fertile.

Prayer Points
Pray that the sheer wonder of knowing Jesus and the impact He has on their lives and the joy He brings spur believers to share Christ with the Parenga people.
Pray the hearts of the Parenga people would be stirred by a sovereign work of the Holy Spirit readying them for the time when they hear the gospel message being shared with them.
Pray they will experience dreams and visions of Jesus leading them into a saving relationship with Him.
Pray for an unstoppable disciple-making movement among the Parenga people.

Peoples of India: Odisha, vol XVI, part 2, pp. 1183-87, K.S. Singh

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:14,000
Largest States:
Odisha (14,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Parenga
People Name General: Parenga
Alternate People Names:
Pareng ParojaParenga Paroja
ROP3 Code: 113323
Joshua Project People ID: 17849
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 14,000
Population all Countries: 14,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Parenga
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (6,100 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Parenga (1,700)Bhatri (1,500)
Pengo (1,400)Duruwa (500)
Desiya (200)Hindi (200)
Sora (30)Santhali (20)
Telugu (20)Bengali (10)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 15
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.12 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.64 % 
Islam0.02 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown0.20 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Odia
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Parenga in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Parenga India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Parenga in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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