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Parenga in India



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Parenga in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
12,000 Odia Hinduism 0.12 % Unknown   

Parenga in India

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Introduction / History
The Parengas are a tribal people, also known in India as a Scheduled Tribe. Scheduled Tribe status means that they are low in status. Their name comes from a word meaning "subjects." In the distant past they wore tree bark for clothes. Today there is nothing in their jewelry or clothes that sets them apart from other communities.

Where are they located?
The Hindu Parenga people live in Odisha, a state in eastern India.

What are their lives like?
This Scheduled Tribe works as farmers. They usually own their own land, but they do not use modern farming techniques as a rule. Most of the time their fields are watered by rain, not by irrigation, and most of them only use manure rather than chemical fertilizers. They supplement their incomes by working for others. Parenga children begin working at age nine or ten, and they seldom get much education, especially the girls. They have their own folk dances and music.

The Parenga people have many clans, and each member is considered a sibling of the others, so they do not marry within their clans. There are five ways marriages are decided: By elopement, by capture, by parental negotiations, by exchange, and by service where one family does work for the other in exchange for the marriage. After the wedding, the wife is involved with all aspects of family life, and she is key to contributing to the family income. The Parenga have both nuclear and extended families, determined by the preference of a particular family.

What are their beliefs?
The Parenga people are officially Hindu, but like most tribal people, they have their own set of gods. Hundi or Nisani are their village gods. They also worship a number of Hindu gods.

What are their needs?
This people group needs to find new ways to make a living since their land will only hold up for so long before it becomes less fertile.

Prayer Points
* Pray that the sheer wonder of knowing Jesus and the impact He has on their lives and the joy He brings spur believers to share Christ with the Parenga people.
* Pray the hearts of the Parenga people would be stirred by a sovereign work of the Holy Spirit readying them for the time when they hear the gospel message being shared with them.
* Pray they will experience dreams and visions of Jesus leading them into a saving relationship with Him.
* Pray for an unstoppable disciple-making movement among the Parenga people.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/21216/IN
Peoples of India: Odisha, vol XVI, part 2, pp. 1183-87, K.S. Singh

View Parenga in all countries.

Prayer Links  
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:12,000
Largest States:
Odisha (12,000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Parenga
People Name General: Parenga
Alternate People Names:
Pareng ParojaParenga Paroja
ParengiParoja
परेंगा
ROP3 Code: 113323
Joshua Project People ID: 17849
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 12,000
Population all Countries: 12,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Parenga
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Odia (6,400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Parenga (1,700)Bhatri (1,500)
Pengo (1,400)Duruwa (500)
Hindi (200)Sora (30)
Santhali (20)Telugu (20)
Bengali (10)Munda (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 14
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.12 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.64 % 
Islam0.02 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown0.20 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
1809-2000Audio
Complete Bible: 1815-2014
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Odia
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file fro ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Oriya)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Parenga in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Parenga India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Parenga in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17849&rog3=IN