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Rana in India

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Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,300 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Rana in India

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Introduction / History
The Tharu are a tribal people who live in Nepal and India. They live in the foothills and forests of the highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas. The Tharu see themselves as people of the forest. They gather food and materials from the forests where they live. They hunt animals and fish in the lakes and rivers.

The Indian government has recognized the Tharu as a Scheduled Tribe, meaning they are eligible for public jobs and special university admission. The primary language of the Tharu is Tharu Rana. A New Testament became available in this language in 2017.

Where are they located?
The large majority of this tribal people live in Nepal. A smaller group lives in the northern Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

What are their lives like?
The Tharu were a traditional hunter/gatherer people. They are increasingly moving to an agricultural way of life. The Indian government has outlawed the killing of many animal species that the Tharu are accustomed to hunting. The Tharu plant and harvest rice, maize, lentils and vegetables to supplement the wild fruits, honey and roots they gather from the forest. The Tharu raise chickens for meat and eggs and goats for their meat, milk and hides.

Many of the Tharu villages have an elected leader called a Badghar, a chief elder, to settle legal issues and make important decisions. Many of the Tharu live in long houses with large extended families. Families arrange marriages. Marriage to one spouse is the norm. The Tharu children have only recently started to attend schools. Many Tharu adults are unable to read and to write.

What are their beliefs?
The Tharu Rana people practice Hinduism, heavily influenced by animism. At this popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods whom they believe will give them favor and protection. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods. These Hindus believe that in a long run, by performing rituals and good works, they have the chance to attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Tharu also believe that spirits inhabit the objects of nature. These spirits must be appeases by prayers and offerings or they can bring disaster upon the community.

What are their needs?
The Tharu need to see people following Christ in practical ways. Solar panels could bring them electricity for appliances and cell phones. Agricultural experts can teach the Tharu better ways to farm. Both adults and children need to learn to read and write. They need access to modern medicine. Most of all, the Tharu need to hear and respond to the life-changing message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and get them right with the one, true God.

Prayer Points
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Tharu Rana people.
* Pray for the Rana people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Tharu people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Tharu Rana disciples to make more disciples.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Tharu communities.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,300
Largest States:
Jharkhand (1,000)Gujarat (200)
West Bengal (60)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Rana
People Name General: Rana
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113429
Joshua Project People ID: 17941
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,300
Population all Countries: 1,300
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Rana
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (1,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Gujarati (200)Bengali (50)
Total Languages: 3
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2012
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / VideoCoconuts
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app as APK File fro ...
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Hindi)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Rana in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Rana India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Rana in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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