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Salvi in India

Salvi

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
60,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.20 % Unknown   

Salvi in India

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Introduction / History
Rajasthan - the land of kings is the second largest state in India. This desert region is also a land of beauty and mystery with palaces, forts and historic monuments. This region was once ruled by Rajput kings and their kingdoms lasted for more than a thousand years. The state comprised 18 little kingdoms. During the British rule in India the Rajput kings continued to rule the land under the collective name Rajputana.

Rajasthan is a land of deserts and rocks, forests and lakes. The climate, vegetation and natural resources are in great contrast from one part of the state to another. Rajasthan is extremely hot in summer with the temperature rising up to 48 to 50 degrees Celsius and cold in winters as low as 3 to 1 degree Celsius.

There are about 6 crores (60 million) of people living in the 222 towns and about 38,000 villages of Rajasthan. 60 to 70 percent of the people live in villages. There are more than 200 ethnic groups in the state, including 59 scheduled castes and twelve scheduled tribes.

Mewari (Mewadi) Region and the People
Rajasthan has 32 districts divided into 6 major regions.Mewar region in the southern part of the state has four districts, namely, Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand and Bhilwara. The 30 lakhs of people who speak the Mewari (Mewadi) language live in the 7200 villages and four cities of this region. Though all of them speak Mewari (Mewadi) there are several people groups among them, socially and culturally different from one another.

The Mewari (Mewadi)'s mainly high caste Hindus. They are Rajput, Bhani, Sindhi, Rewar, Salvi and Sharma. A few scheduled caste groups and Muslims also live among them. The tribal people groups who speak their own language not known as Mewari's also live on the hills of this region.

The literacy rate of Mewar is about 35 percent, but in the villages most of the people are illiterate. The government has mobile schools to teach them basic literacy.

Mewari's are hard working and independent. Though some of the villagers now move to cities and towns in search of jobs, most of the people in the villages are farmers. They mainly cultivate wheat, maize, mustard, lentils, etc. Cultivation is mainly dependent on rain and natural water resources. Water scarcity is a major challenge for cultivation in this region.

The scorching heat of the summer and the freezing cold of the winter make life miserable. The dusty atmosphere makes everyday life difficult. Drought and famine strike the land every third or fourth year. Cattle and animals die in the chilly cold weather.

Most of the people are vegetarian. Roti (chappathi) made of wheat and maize is the common food. Rice is served as a special dish. Chewing 'pan', smoking and the like are accepted habits and means of leisure.

Mewari's are very religious and are proud of their culture. For instance, see this temple in Prathap Nagar. It is said that, once a monkey had fallen off the tree and was dead. The people had given it a reverent funeral and later there arose a temple. People worship several deities and gurus. There are plenty of temples all over the region.

History of Church and Mission Work
The Gospel was first proclaimed in 1860 by two Scottish missionaries (Bewar 3, March 1860). Along with their Christian witness, these missionaries set up schools, orphanages and hospitals. Most of their work was in Mewar and mainly among the tribals. After a hundred years before the Scottish mission left India in 1960 they had established 17 churches. Missionaries from South India continued to present the gospel in these areas in the 1960s.

Present Condition of the Church
The growth of the Church in Rajasthan is mainly among the tribals and especially among the Bhils. According to the latest available records there were only 50,000 Christians in the whole of the state. Half of them are migrants from South India. Most of the remaining Christians are nominal in their faith. Some of the old churches were closed down and several worshiping groups have vanished. These churches died gradually since there was no one to work among them.

Reasons
The missionaries and early believers had to face severe opposition. Christians were not socially accepted by the high caste Hindus who are the majority of the region. The high caste groups do not eat beef or consume liquor. They believed that, Christians used both of these. Christians were also treated as low caste people because a good majority was from that background. In addition to that Christianity is considered as a foreign religion. There was no proper follow-up of the new Christians. Leadership among these local believers was not developed. Not many Christian workers were attracted to these areas.

Solutions
Missionaries in the past had concentrated their work among the low caste people and tribals. But the high caste people should also be reached with the gospel. Churches have to be established among these major social groups. Mewari (Mewadi)s will reamain unreached unless and until these people are won for the Kingdom.

The message of the Kingdom of God should be shared in the heart language of the people in the way they can understand it. The church worship needs to be structured in their mother-tongue.

Leaders should be developed among the local believers so that they will reach out to their own people. Then the churches will continue to grow among them even without external leadership. But to make this possible someone needs to go to them. We need to pray to the Lord of the harvest to send more laborers to work on this dry land. The opportunities for missionaries are many.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:60,000
Largest States:
Rajasthan (53,000)Madhya Pradesh (7,200)
Gujarat (70)Maharashtra (60)
Total States on file:4
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Salvi
People Name General: Salvi
Alternate People Names:
HalviPatliwala
PatwaSali
Salveसाल्वी
ROP3 Code: 113499
Joshua Project People ID: 18006
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 60,000
Population all Countries: 60,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asian, other
People Name General: Salvi
Ethnic Code: CNN25c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Hindi (30,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Mewari (25,000)Marwari (1,700)
Nimadi (1,400)Malvi (1,300)
Merwari (300)Marathi (300)
Gujarati (300)Dhundari (200)
Bagri (100)Shekhawati (30)
Total Languages: 11
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.80 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
1811-1998Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2000
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoA Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoAasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCoconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoCreation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoHaqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoTen Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Price of Life (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoYeshu Satsang (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Salvi in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asian, other     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Salvi India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Salvi in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18006&rog3=IN