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Silpkar (Hindu traditions) in India

Silpkar (Hindu traditions)

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Silpkar (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
307,000 Kumaoni Hinduism 0.84 % Unknown No   

Silpkar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The name Shilpakar is generally used for the communities categorized lowly and residing in the hilly areas of Uttar Pradesh. The Shilpakar are also known as Dom, Dum, Ram, Arya and Harijan. The Shilpakar belong to an aboriginal non-Aryan stock and it is said that they were reduced to a state of slavery by the Khasia and later on by the immigrant high castes in the historical past.

They speak the Kumaoni and Garwali languages. They also use Hindi while communicating with others. Their staple cereals are wheat, rice and maize.

The Shilpakar are divided into different hierarchically arranged groups based on their hereditary occupations. The first group is referred to as Mistri, which includes Lohar, Tamta and Orh, etc. The second group includes drummers such as the Dhobi, Damai and Bajgi. The third group includes serfs, vagrants and beggars.

Various occupational groups of the Shilpakar still pursue their traditional hereditary occupations such as black smithy, copper smithy, basketry, masonry, oil-pressing, drum-beating and leather-work, etc. They also engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, manufacture agricultural implements, making baskets and household utensils, etc.

Marriages are permitted in groups belonging to the same status. Adult marriage is the norm through negotiation. They cremate the dead and the death pollution is observed. The incidence of colour-blindness is 1.7 per cent among them.

Some of their deities are Bhairon, Betal, Kalchhin, Kalua, Chhurmall and Gangnath, etc. These deities are worshipped as family, village and regional deities.

Alternate names: Shilpakar, Athapahariya, Aagri, Badde, Bairi, Bakharia, Beda, Chanyal, Damai, Dholi, Dhaloti, Dhunar, Kolai, Kolta, Kumbhar, Mour, Lohar, Okhera Parki, Rudia, Tamta.

Prayer Points
* For the salvation of the Shilpakar people.
* That the Shilpakar people may transform their caste ridden society
* For good educational facilities, rehabilitation and vocational training.
* For health problems such as colour-blindness may be healed.

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Prayer Links  
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Global Prayer Digest: 2013-11-26
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:307,000
Largest States:
Uttarakhand (277,000)Uttar Pradesh (27,000)
Total States on file:3
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Silpkar (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Silpkar (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BaddeBairi
BedaChanyal
DamaiDhaloti
DholiDhunar
KolaiKolta
KumbharLohar
MourOrh
RudiaShilpakar
ROP3 Code: 113610
Joshua Project People ID: 18107
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 307,000
Population all Countries: 366,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Nepali-Pahari
People Name General: Silpkar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kumaoni (136,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kfy    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (110,000)Garhwali (52,000)
Awadhi (1,300)Punjabi, Eastern (1,100)
Bhojpuri (600)Kanauji (100)
Bundeli (70)
Total Languages: 8
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.09 % 
Christianity0.84 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.73 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.33 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1825-2007
New Testament:
1825
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Kumaoni
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kumaoni
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Silpkar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18107&rog3=IN