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Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India

Mahtam (Sikh traditions)

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Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
638,000 Punjabi, Eastern Other / Small 1.58 % Unknown   

Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Most of the Mahtam Sikh (or Rai Sikh) in the Punjab are migrants from Pakistan. They claim to have 36 clans (gotras), including the Goge, Sarari, Kachure, Badwal, Book and Hakwan. The traditional occupations of the Mahtam Sikh were farming, hunting wild boars, fishing and liquor distillation.

What are their lives like?
Today they are primarily farmers, but many are engaged in other trades as well. They maintain cordial relationships with the scheduled castes and other artisan and service castes of the nearby villages.

What are their beliefs?
Many Mahtam Sikhs now follow the religious teachings of a man named Radha Soami, which has led to less alcoholism and more vegetarianism.

Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sow in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God.

One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns.

There are roughly the same number of Sikhs as there are Jews in the world, but Sikhs are most concentrated in Punjab, their homeland. However, you will find smaller numbers of Sikhs all over the world. Many of the best Indian restaurants in the West are owned and operated by Sikhs.

What are their needs?
Lack of workers able to carry the gospel message accurately is an ongoing problem throughout South Asia.

Prayer Points
Pray the gospel will be proclaimed widely and effectively via gospel radio in the Punjabi languages spoken in Punjab state and beyond.

There are a number of former Sikhs in Punjab who now follow Christ. Pray they will take his great name to the Mahtam community. Pray for a movement of God's Spirit throughout Punjab. There are encouraging developments already.

View Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-10-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-05-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-08-11
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:638,000
Largest States:
Punjab (498,000)Haryana (33,000)
Rajasthan (24,000)Delhi (24,000)
Uttar Pradesh (19,000)Uttarakhand (8,000)
Maharashtra (7,600)Madhya Pradesh (4,200)
Jammu and Kashmir (3,400)Chandigarh (3,200)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mahtam (Sikh traditions)
People Name General: Mahtam (Sikh traditions)
Alternate People Names:
Rai Sikhमहटाम (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 113638
Joshua Project People ID: 18131
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 638,000
Population all Countries: 638,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Sikh - other
People Name General: Mahtam (Sikh traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (418,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (84,000)Bagri (30,000)
Haryanvi (3,400)Kumaoni (600)
Dogri (600)Marwari (300)
Kangri (200)Garhwali (100)
Dhundari (100)Awadhi (80)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 14
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.58 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small98.42 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1959-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterDownload scripture in this language
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Sikh - other     Asia, South    
      Mahtam (Sikh traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Other / Small     Punjabi, Eastern  
    All Religions                              

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