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Sunuwar in India

Sunuwar

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Sunuwar in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
83,000 Nepali Hinduism 3.05 % Unknown   

Sunuwar in India

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Introduction / History
India is a complex mosaic of ethnic, linguistic, religious, and social groupings. Because of this diversity, it is extremely difficult to adequately describe any single people group.

India may be divided into four main regions: the Himalayas, the northern river-plains region, the Deccan, and the Eastern and Western Ghat Mountains. Because of numerous geographical features, climatic conditions are also diversified on both a seasonal and regional basis, ranging from tropical to temperate extremes.

In the midst of this complexity can be found the Sondwari. They are located mainly in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Their language is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family. Little is known about their specific way of life.

What are their lives like?
Most of India's population lives in rural areas and is engaged in some form of agriculture. Many are farmers barely growing enough to survive. Farms are extremely small and often very fragmented. The raising of livestock, particularly horned cattle, buffalo, horses, and mules, is a central feature of the economy. Because of Hindu influence, however, these animals are used almost exclusively as beasts of burden rather than sources of meat.

Indian culture is primarily Hindu-oriented. Many Hindu institutions, including the rigid caste (social class) system, have wide-ranging effects on Indian society. The word "caste" basically means breed, race, or kind. Indian society is divided into hierarchical castes which are usually endogamous (marriage only within the caste). Castes may be defined by occupation or by kinship and lineage, but there are exceptions. Nevertheless, caste is so fundamental to the social organization of India that it prevails in all parts except some of the tribal populations. Not enough is known about the Sondwari to accurately place them within the caste system; thus, their particular lifestyle and culture cannot be adequately described.

Many Sondwari live in the state of Rajasthan. An important segment of society there are the Rajputs (Indian nobility). During the era of princes and maharajahs, Rajput aristocracy dominated the Rajasthan scene for several centuries. Rajasthan is also home to the Bhil tribe, the second largest scheduled tribe in India.

What are their beliefs?
The Sondwari are almost all Hindu and follow the basic Hindu customs and traditions. The term "Hinduism" came into use about A.D. 1200, but clearly identifying what Hindus believe is difficult. The religion has no founder, no prophet, and no instructional system. It is a way of living much more than a theology; it is a philosophy more than a religion. Contrary to popular belief in the West, Hinduism is not an ancient, fixed set of beliefs. It is instead a body of customs, practices, and beliefs which go through major changes every few hundred years.

The majority of Hindus, but not all, believe in a supreme being. Some respect all life and eat only vegetables, while others will gladly eat meat from sacrifices in the temple. To some, their religion is highly personal; to others, it is impersonal. While most Hindus worship Brahman (the creator), Shiva (the destroyer), Vishnu (the preserver), and the goddess Shaktri, they also worship a pantheon of other minor gods, their incarnations, spouses, or offspring. A belief in reincarnation is one of the few unifying features of Hinduism.

What are their needs?
The few Christian believers need materials to encourage and strengthen them in their walk with the Lord. Fervent intercession and increased missions effort are necessities to see the Sondwari reached with the Good News of the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send long-term missionaries to the Sondwari of India.
* Ask God to save key leaders among the Sondwari who will boldly declare the Gospel.
* Pray that God will strengthen, embolden, and protect the few Sondwari believers.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.

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Prayer Links  
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:83,000
Largest States:
Assam (36,000)West Bengal (34,000)
Sikkim (6,200)Meghalaya (4,900)
Manipur (700)Arunachal Pradesh (700)
Nagaland (400)Mizoram (80)
Uttarakhand (80)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (40)
Total States on file:18
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sunuwar
People Name General: Sunuwar
Alternate People Names:
SunwarSunwari
सुनुवार
ROP3 Code: 113662
Joshua Project People ID: 18152
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 83,000
Population all Countries: 138,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Rajasthan
People Name General: Sunuwar
Ethnic Code: CNN25o
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Nepali (58,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (12,000)Assamese (9,400)
Sunwar (4,000)Hindi (600)
Total Languages: 5
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.16 % 
Christianity3.05 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism83.29 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small13.50 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
1821-2010Audio
Complete Bible: 1914-2004
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoNew Way - Naya Goreto (Indigitube.tv)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoUntil We Met (Indigitube.tv)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: नेपाली - Nepali
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Sunuwar in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Rajasthan     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Sunuwar India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sunuwar in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Nepali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18152&rog3=IN