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Sindhi Sama in Pakistan

Sindhi Sama

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Sindhi Sama in Pakistan map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,518,000 Sindhi Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Sindhi Sama in Pakistan

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Introduction / History
The Sama Sindhi are a group of Muslims who live in Pakistan The majority of Muslim Sindhi from India moved to Pakistan during the Partition of 1947. Equal numbers of Hindu and Sikh Sindhi immigrated to India. The word Sindhi comes from the Persian word meaning those who inhabit the Indus Valley. All Sindhi were originally Hindu or Buddhist. In the early 8th century, many of these people converted to Islam with the coming of the Muslim armies. The Sama Sindhi claim to be descendants of the rulers of the Samma Dynasty. This royal family reigned over the Indus Valley and west India from the 14th to early 16th century.

Today, most of the Sama Sindhi are engaged in irrigation farming. Their principal crops include wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, various fruits, and oilseed. Some farmers also raise sheep, goats, and camels. The Sindhi living in cities often work as merchants, physicians, lawyers and teachers.

The primary language of the Sama Sindhi in Pakistan is Sindhi. They also speak Urdu and other regional Pakistani languages.

Where are they located?
The Sama Sindhi live in the Indus Valley in the southeast region of Pakistan.

What are their lives like?
The lives of the Sama Sindhi are diverse depending upon whether they live in urban or rural areas. The rural Sama live lives much like their ancestors.

The family is the basic unity of Sama Sindhi society, with the male head being the authority. Unlike other Muslims, the Sindhi tend to organize in caste groups based on clan and occupation. The Sindhi do not marry outside of their own caste. Marriages between cousins are common. The wedding ceremony includes a reading from the Koran and is performed by a local Muslim teacher or priest.

What are their beliefs?
Most of the Sama Sindhi are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi School. The majority of the rural Sindhi, however, have no clear understanding of their Muslim faith and still believe in folk spirits. Before 1947, many Hindu and Muslim practices were combined. For example, it was not uncommon for both Hindus and Muslims to venerate the same saint. Today, the practice of saint worship still persists among the rural Sama.

Islam is a major world religion that is based on five essential duties or "pillars": (1) A Muslim must affirm that "there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet." (2) Five times a day he must pray while facing Mecca. (3) He must give an obligatory percentage (very similar to tithes) on an annual basis. (4) He must fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year. (5) He must try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca in his lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited to drink alcohol, eat pork, gamble, steal, use deceit, slander, and make idols.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

What are their needs?
The Sama Sindhi need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. Sindhi who live in a rural setting need help in educating their children and in learning new job skills.

Prayer Points
Ask God to send missionary teams who will go to the Sama Sindhi and share the gospel with them.
Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Sindhi, with many conversions resulting.
Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Sindh.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-11-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-08-20
  Submit Update:
Country: Pakistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:8 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,518,000
Largest Provinces:
Sindh (1,515,000)Islamabad (2,800)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sindhi Sama
People Name General: Sindhi Sama
Alternate People Names:
Chuda SammaDungar Summa
Gha SammaSaheb Samma
Sammaसिंधी समा
ROP3 Code: 113676
Joshua Project People ID: 18164
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,518,000
Population all Countries: 1,519,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - Rajput
People Name General: Sindhi Sama
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sindhi (1,479,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): snd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Urdu (125,000)Saraiki (11,000)
Marwari (4,800)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1825-1981
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1954
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Sindhi
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterBible: Sindhi
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Sindhi
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Sindhi Sama in Pakistan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - Rajput     Asia, South    
      Sindhi Sama Pakistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sindhi Sama in Pakistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Sindhi  
    All Religions                              

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