Text source: Karent Hightower
Introduction / History
Operation World states, "India's ancient complex, and often difficult to understand past, it's racial, ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity, and the caste system, all make detailed population analysis very difficult."
Where are they located?
Tamboli Hindu live in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. They also live in Rajasthan where they are called Chaurasia.
What are their lives like?
Tamboli mix with castes above them, but not with lower castes. Tamboli people will keep relationships with so-called "clean" castes and visit them on various festivals and special occasions. The upper castes will accept water from Tamboli, indicating their acceptance of them as having status in the Hindu pecking order.
Betel has put the Tamboli people "on the map" in the minds of their fellow countrymen in India. They have become successful in preparing and selling for centuries. Even their name is derived from the Sanscrit word for "betel leaf." With their mild stimulant and medicinal effects, the betel leaves are in continual demand, and have been in use for what some archaeologists estimate to be 4,000 years.
Tamboli people are also very successful in the sale of bicycles, hardware, and clothing. The more educated Tamboli are employed in government positions and white-collar occupations.
Most Tamboli are non-vegetarian, but still refrain from eating beef and pork.
Tamboli marriages must be within their community. Monogamy is most common in marriage. There are few divorces. Tamboli women, though considered lower than men, have a say in families.
Family property is given to the sons and not the daughters. There must be no interaction between fathers-in-law and daughters-in-law, nor with the brother of the husband and wife of the younger brother. The Tamboli caste councils the villages judge regarding divorce, adultery, and stealing.
Fines are often imposed.
Tamboli usually speak the language of their region, however, Hindi and Urdu are largely spoken in their localities.
What are their beliefs?
Tamboli people do not remember the Lord, because no one has told them about Him. Instead, they remember and thank Shiva, a Hindu god, for their wealth.
Every November, the Tamboli people in Ghazipur spend their time in a Shiva temple praying for prosperity and success in their betel businesses.
What are their needs?
Adequate scriptural resources are available in the Hindi and Urdu languages understood by Tambole people, but they are still an unreached people group. They need to see their critical need for their Savior, who loves them and desires a personal relationship with them. They need to see past their worldly success, and see that they will not be accepted by Almighty God, except through His Son, Jesus.
* Pray that God's kingdom will be extended into Tamboli communities, and that they will place their trust in Jesus Christ, alone.
* Pray that spiritual barriers will be broken.
* Pray that God's people will make long-lasting intentional contact with Tamboli people that will result in thousands will be discipled, reach their own people, and plant growing churches.
ReferencesView Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in all countries.