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Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India

Tamboli (Hindu traditions)

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Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,208,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Operation World states, "India's ancient complex, and often difficult to understand past, it's racial, ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity, and the caste system, all make detailed population analysis very difficult."

Where are they located?
Tamboli Hindu live in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Behar, and Orissa. They also live in Rajasthan where they are called Chaurasia.

What are their lives like?
Tamboli mix with castes above them, but not with lower castes. Tamboli people will keep relationships with so-called "clean" castes and visit them on various festivals and special occasions. The upper castes will accept water from Tamboli, indicating their acceptance of them as having status in the Hindu pecking order.

Betel has put the Tamboli people "on the map" in the minds of their fellow countrymen in India. They have become successful in preparing and selling for centuries. Even their name is derived from the Sanscrit word for "betel leaf." With their mild stimulant and medicinal effects, the betel leaves are in continual demand, and have been in use for what some archaeologists estimate to be 4,000 years.

Tamboli people are also very successful in the sale of bicycles, hardware, and clothing. The more educated Tamboli are employed in government positions and white-collar occupations.

Most Tamboli are non-vegetarian, but still refrain from eating beef and pork.

Tamboli marriages must be within their community. Monogamy is most common in marriage. There are few divorces. Tamboli women, though considered lower than men, have a say in families.

Family property is given to the sons and not the daughters. There must be no interaction between fathers-in-law and daughters-in-law, nor with the brother of the husband and wife of the younger brother. The Tamboli caste councils the villages judge regarding divorce, adultery, and stealing.
Fines are often imposed.

Tamboli usually speak the language of their region, however, Hindi and Urdu are largely spoken in their localities.

What are their beliefs?
Tamboli people do not remember the Lord, because no one has told them about Him. Instead, they remember and thank Shiva, a Hindu god, for their wealth.

Every November, the Tamboli people in Ghazipur spend their time in a Shiva temple praying for prosperity and success in their betel businesses.

What are their needs?
Adequate scriptural resources are available in the Hindi and Urdu languages understood by Tambole people, but they are still an unreached people group. They need to see their critical need for their Savior, who loves them and desires a personal relationship with them. They need to see past their worldly success, and see that they will not be accepted by Almighty God, except through His Son, Jesus.

Prayer Points
Pray that God's kingdom will be extended into Tamboli communities, and that they will place their trust in Jesus Christ, alone.
Pray that spiritual barriers will be broken.
Pray that God's people will make long-lasting intentional contact with Tamboli people that will result in thousands will be discipled, reach their own people, and plant growing churches.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-29
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-16
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,208,000
Largest States:
Maharashtra (515,000)West Bengal (491,000)
Bihar (325,000)Uttar Pradesh (320,000)
Madhya Pradesh (249,000)Odisha (70,000)
Karnataka (64,000)Chhattisgarh (36,000)
Telangana (35,000)Jharkhand (24,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113730
Joshua Project People ID: 18210
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,208,000
Population all Countries: 2,503,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Tamboli (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (663,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (368,000)Marathi (343,000)
Bhojpuri (85,000)Kannada (67,000)
Awadhi (59,000)Odia (57,000)
Konkani, Goan (42,000)Maithili (40,000)
Telugu (35,000)Chhattisgarhi (23,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 34
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.16 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.76 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.08 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Tamboli (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tamboli (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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