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Turk in Greece

Turk

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Turk in Greece map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
49,000 Turkish Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Turk in Greece

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Introduction / History
Rumelian Turks are a remnant of the Ottoman Turks who migrated from their homeland in central Asia in the thirteenth century. Rumelian Turks conquered Anatolia and eventually established the Ottoman Empire, which encompassed the Balkan Mountains, Arabia, and North Africa. The Rumelian Turk name is derived from the word rumelia, which means "land of the Romans" and refers to the Balkan Mountains.

During the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Turks often settled in towns in the Balkans and served as military personnel, administrators, and artisans. After Yugoslavia, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, and Romania became independent countries in the nineteenth century, many urban Turks left the Balkans and the Rumelian Turkish population was reduced by several million. Rumelian Turks are largely untouched with the Gospel.

What are their lives like?
Because most Rumelian Turks live in other parts of the Balkans, little is known about the particular lifestyle of Rumelian Turks in Greece. However, Turks everywhere have similar traits and their culture has deep roots that affect their daily lives.

Although Ottoman Turks ruled for 500 years, the Turks were always an ethnic minority. They did not intermarry in large numbers with the rest of the population because of religious, linguistic, and social differences. Where they did intermarry, Turkish men usually married non-Turkish women, often of another Muslim ethnic group. Today, polygyny (having more than one wife) is prohibited by state law.

Architecture throughout the Balkans still bears evidence of long Turkish-Ottoman influence: Ottoman-style domed mosques with pencil-thin minarets are modeled after those in Istanbul. Other typical details are wooden houses with latticework windows, separate quarters for men and women, and marketplaces where specialty stores are grouped together.

Lamb is a favorite meat of Turks. The most common way of preparing it is pilaf, where small bits of meat are cooked with rice and oil. Musaka (roasted meat and eggplant) and kapama (mutton with spinach and green onions) are other popular dishes. Turks are very fond of sweets and eat large quantities, especially the kind known as Turkish delights (gummy confections usually cut in cubes and dusted with sugar). Rumelian Turks are not supposed to drink alcohol because their Islamic belief forbids it. Instead, they drink much coffee and sour milk, or yogurt, which is said to keep people healthy.

What are their beliefs?
Rumelian Turks of Greece are virtually all Hanafite Muslims. Islam is a religion of works-based on the five central teachings or "pillars": (1) A Muslim must affirm that there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet. (2) Five times a day he must pray while facing Mecca. (3) He must give an obligatory percentage (very similar to tithes) on an annual basis. (4) He must fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year. (5) He must try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca in his lifetime.

Even after the establishment of Communist rule in the Balkans in the years that followed World War II, authorities tolerated Muslim religious observance and institutions. This toleration extended to Islamic schools, which were allowed to continue to operate, but only as a replacement for the compulsory state educational system.

What are their needs?
The Bible and the Jesus film have already been translated into the language of the Turks. However, only a small number of Greek Rumelian Turks are known to have become Christians. Prayer is the key to reaching them with the Good News of salvation.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into Greece to work among Rumelian Turks.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among Rumelian Turks.
* Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio in their area.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Greece through intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a triumphant Rumelian Turkish church for the glory of His name!
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among Rumelian Turks who will boldly declare the Gospel.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-05-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-03-08
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Country: Greece
Continent: Europe
Region: Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
10/40 Window: No
Total Provinces on file:9
Location in Country:Macedonia and Thrace administrative unit: Xanthi, west of Lake Vistorius, on Bulgaria border; Rodopi, Bulgaria border west of Komotini.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Turk
People Name General: Turk
Alternate People Names:
AnatolianBaharlu Turk
MasakhastianMeskhetian Turk
OsmanliOttomon Turk
Rumelian TurkUrum
तुर्क
ROP3 Code: 113818
Joshua Project People ID: 18274
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 49,000
Population all Countries: 61,293,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Turkish
People Name General: Turk
Ethnic Code: MSY41j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Turkish (49,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tur    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1782-1985
New Testament:
1819-1993Audio
Complete Bible: 1827-2006
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Turkish
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Savior 2 - Jesus' Baptism
Film / VideoThe Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGoodSeed
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Turkish, Kutsal Kitap Yeni Ceviri
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Turk in Greece

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      Turk Greece    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Turk in Greece          
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      Islam     Turkish  
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18274&rog3=GR