People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Ulladan in India


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

You need to upgrade your Flash Player
Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
17,000 Malayalam Hinduism 3.84 % Unknown   

Ulladan in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Ulladan are so called because they come form the interior forests. Ullu means inside parts and ulladan can mean interior people. Yet there is another story behind this name. Before the advent of British Empire a group of soldiers belonging to Central Travancore in Kerala, went to forests with their families to protect their lives from the internal warfare between the local kings. They settled themselves in the forests. After being in exile for several years some of them returned to their native places. Those who came back were uncivilized due to their lost connection with the civilized country. Locals called them Ulkadans, means forest dwellers with the implication that they possess the uncivilized nature of forest dwellers. That term Ulkadans shortened and became Ulladans after a period of time.

Those who eked out a living by hunting and eating root vegetables and fruits had to seek new avenues for living when they migrated to the towns. At that time the feudal lords who were high caste people, gave them safe haven by making them as their tenants. Cultivating in their lands and working in the fields, they got a new lease of life in the country. Dependents of their feudal masters, they not only faced social discrimination prevailed over there but also deprived of education.

In the 1970s many Ulladans received lands adjacent to the forests, thanks to the land reforms implemented by the government. As a result many migrated to the lands in the vicinity of the forests. In order to protect themselves from the attack of wild beasts they made huts on the trees and lived there. Natural calamities and epidemics took its toll and made their life all the more miserable.

Ulladans live in land encompassed by forests. They are mostly seen in districts like Idukki, Kottayam, Pattanamthitta and Quilon. [In Kattapana, which is in Idukki district, they live in places like Teprankudi, Vattikudi, Puliamala and Kozhimala. They are numerically strong in Kanjikuzhi panchayat, where they spread over in Pazhayirikandam, Mukkuvalli and Varikamuttan. Besides this in the neighborhood of Adimali called Kurangati hills they dwell in large numbers. In Ernakulam district near Tattekadu bird sanctuary they can be seen in a place called Panavoorkudi].

Ulladans are similar to Romani of Malabar. Hunting and fishing are part and parcel of their life. Although development is taking place under the control of the government, their standard of living is low and educationally backward.

Liquor consumption and smoking are prevalent among them. Irrespective of age they chew betel and other pan. They have their own dialect and terminology. They offer prayer in temples and believe in witchcraft.

Each locality has one elder. Elder will preside over important issues and matters concerning marriage and death.

Earlier child marriage prevailed among them. When the boy or girl becomes 5-6 years old, parents find bride or bridegroom for their child. Both parties together confirm the marriage by word. After two years when the boy attains 7 years marriage is conducted. Since then bride live in the bridegroom's house. A girl's coming of age is trumpeted as another marriage called Thirandu kalyanam.

The dead are washed and wrapped in new clothes as part of post death ceremony. There is a practice of applying oil over the dead by the relatives. Another custom is to spread linen cloth over the dead by the relatives. After this the body is buried. Few are the Ulladans who believe in a life after death.

Pray for workers to be raised up to minister among the Ulladans.

View Ulladan in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-30
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:17,000
Largest States:
Kerala (16,000)Tamil Nadu (300)
Puducherry (20)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Ulladan
People Name General: Ulladan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113826
Joshua Project People ID: 18282
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 17,000
Population all Countries: 17,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Ulladan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Malayalam (18,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mal    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (100)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.84 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism95.07 % 
Islam0.15 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.93 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1811-1968
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1841-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: മലയാളം - Malayalam
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Ulladan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Ulladan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Ulladan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Malayalam  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: