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Vellalan in India

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Vellalan in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,526,000 Tamil Hinduism 3.12 % Unknown   

Vellalan in India

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Introduction / History
The Vellalan or Vellalar of south India have a long and proud history. They served as the landed aristocracy and as military officers and court officials in the three great Tamil dynasties. They were patrons of literature and the arts. The Vellalars made up the majority of government leaders and administrators in south India during the British period. Lower castes began calling themselves Vellalars and acting like them in order to gain their high status.

Today the Vellalars continue to be agricultural landowners, military officers, businesspersons, Tamil scholars and temple patrons. They are considered by the Indian government to be a forward or more successful caste so they are not eligible for special places in education and public service. The primary language of the Vellalars is Tamil. They also speak other regional languages such as Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada.

Where are they located?
All Vellalars originally came from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some migrated to other south Indian states such as Kerala and Karnataka. Some have moved to the island nation of Sri Lanka.

What are their lives like?
The Vellalars live at the highest levels of south Indian society. They are leaders in business, education and agricultural affairs. They take pride in their ancient Tamil heritage and are leading scholars in Tamil historical studies.

The Vellalars are endogamous, that is they marry within their families and clans. Cousin marriages are common. Sons inherit property from their parents. Many prefer to use their own priests rather than Brahmins in important life ceremonies.
Many Vellalars are vegetarians. Others eat meat but refrain from beef.

Their dead are either cremated or buried.

What are their beliefs?
The vast majority of Vellalars are Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many follow a branch of Hinduism called Saiva Siddhantam. In this Hindu order adherents desire to be enlightened by Lord Shiva or Siva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. Some Vellalars join monasteries and propagate the teachings of Shiva.

A tiny minority of Vellalars are Christians.

What are their needs?
The Vellalars need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of the Savior. They need to see Christianity lived out in a real way before them. They need to realize that Shiva will not meet their spiritual needs but Lord Jesus will.

Prayer Points
* Pray the Christian Vellalars would grow in the faith and reach out to their brothers and sisters with the gospel.
* Pray that God would create a spiritual hunger in the Vellalars that can only be met by the God of the Bible.
* Pray that many Vellalars would come humbly to our Savior and that growing churches would be planted in the Vellalar community.


View Vellalan in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-27
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,526,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (1,808,000)Kerala (355,000)
Karnataka (316,000)Puducherry (18,000)
Maharashtra (11,000)Andhra Pradesh (6,200)
Telangana (5,000)Delhi (2,100)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (900)Chhattisgarh (900)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Vellalan
People Name General: Vellalan
Alternate People Names:
Isai VellalarIyengar
ROP3 Code: 113864
Joshua Project People ID: 18317
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,526,000
Population all Countries: 2,556,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Forward Caste - other
People Name General: Vellalan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (2,144,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (305,000)Telugu (70,000)
Kannada (29,000)English (1,100)
Konkani (300)
Total Languages: 6
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.12 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism96.88 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFinding Peace
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGeneral Ministry Resources
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Vellalan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Forward Caste - other     Asia, South    
      Vellalan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Vellalan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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