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Yenadi in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
790,000 Telugu Hinduism 0.81 % Unknown   

Yenadi in India

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Introduction / History
The Yenadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They live primarily in the districts of Nellore and Chittoor, as well as other nearby districts. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.

For many years, the Yenadi lived in isolation on the island of Sri Harikota, off the Nellore district. In 1835, the British government took possession of the island. Schools and industries were opened to try to "civilize" them by showing them a more modern way of life. The government's effort, however, was of no avail. When India became independent in 1947, and British administration ended.

The Yenadi are dark skinned people, short in stature. Many believe them to be tribal because of their simple ways; others believe them to be a part of a caste system. They are divided into two groups: the Manchi Yenadi, who belong to the small superior class; and the Challa Yenadi. The two groups seldom intermarry.

What are their lives like?
The Yenadi are mainly rural farmers, although some work as dairy farmers. Seasonal forest products such as herbs, wood, and grass for making brooms, provide extra income. Some of the urban Challa Yanadi do toilet and street cleaning. They may also catch frogs and snakes for trade, or gather honey to sell in the markets.

Some of the Yenadi are semi-nomadic, moving every few years in search of work or good sources of forest products. Unfortunately, many of the forests have been depleted in recent years, and the best farm areas are now owned by wealthy landowners. For this reason, some of the Yanadi work as hired farm hands.

Yenadi villages consist of low, cone-shaped huts built of bamboo and palm leaves, grass, or millet stalks, and smooth mud walls. The government has also supplied cement structures in some locations. Since the Yenadi generally eat, cook, and sleep outside, the huts' are built only as a protection from the sun and rain. Each village has a headman who is strongly respected and obeyed; his word is law.

The Yenadi diet includes rice eaten with vegetable soup, various wild greens, and other vegetables. Their food tends to be spicy. Meat is only eaten a few times a month. Wild pigs, rabbits, lizards, and rodents are eaten by those living near the forests.

The Yenadi have a freedom in marriage of which many other Hindu groups disapprove. For instance, separations are common and if someone wants to change his marriage partner, he is free to do so. The women seem to have more rights in choosing their husbands than do the typical rural, southern Indian women. A thin cord with a small pendant is worn around a married woman's neck. A toe ring is also worn on her second toe.

Education standards are low for the Yenadi. Only about one-tenth are literate. India's government has set up schools to increase the literacy rate. However, in some villages, this effort seems worthless, since even the teachers may fail to show up at the schools.

The Yenadi are friendly and are more open with their emotions than other groups in the area. Their special love for music and dance also makes them unique. Their favorite instruments are drums and small stringed instruments.

What are their beliefs?
The Yenadi are nearly all Hindu. They have pictures of their gods in their homes and small shrines are usually located in each village. Annual festivals are held in worship of their favorite gods. The gods supposedly favor some and dislike others, depending on whether or not a ritual or penance is done to the god's satisfaction. Good luck and fate are important to the Yenadi. Charms, amulets, and "lucky people" are believed to generate good fortune.

What are their needs?
Better educational and housing facilities are needed. Perhaps Christian teachers and humanitarian aid workers will have open doors to reach the Yanadi.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Yenadi.
Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect missionaries that are trying to reach them.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Yenadi towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.

View Yenadi in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-01
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:790,000
Largest States:
Andhra Pradesh (628,000)Tamil Nadu (94,000)
Karnataka (24,000)Odisha (21,000)
Maharashtra (5,300)Telangana (4,700)
Kerala (2,100)Puducherry (1,900)
West Bengal (1,200)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (400)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Yenadi
People Name General: Yenadi
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113891
Joshua Project People ID: 18339
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 790,000
Population all Countries: 790,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Yenadi
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Telugu (655,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tel    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (16,000)Kannada (2,500)
Hindi (200)Marathi (200)
Urdu (100)Odia (100)
Koya (Unknown)Malayalam (Unknown)
Nepali (Unknown)English (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 18
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.81 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.90 % 
Islam0.13 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.15 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1966
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1854-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Story
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Telugu
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Telugu
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Yenadi in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Yenadi India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Yenadi in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Telugu  
    All Religions                              

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