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Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa in China

Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa

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Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
188,000 Tibetan, Amdo Buddhism 0.05 % 0.05 % No   

Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa in China

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Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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Although ethnically and culturally the Rongmahbrogpa belong to the Tibetan nationality, they speak a language that is distinct from other Tibetan varieties. The name Rongmahbrogpa is a combination of the Tibetan words Rongba (villager or farmer) and Brogpa (nomad or herder).

Rongmahbrogpa - which contains "two or more dialects" - is part of the Northern Bodic branch of Tibetan languages. Although they may not understand each other's speech, all Tibetans use the same written script. Tibetans from different areas can often be seen exchanging notes to communicate.

The Labrang Monastery in Xiahe was built by E'ang-zongzhe in 1709. Presently it houses about 1,700 monks, drawn from Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, and Inner Mongolia. The Amdo and the Hui Muslims have had numerous violent clashes in the past. In 1919 the Hui sacked the Labrang Monastery, burned to death hundreds of monks, and dumped their corpses on the temple grounds. In 1929 Joseph Rock witnessed the carnage of one battle in Xiahe: "154 Tibetan heads were strung about the walls of the Moslem garrison like a garland of flowers. Heads of young girls and children decorated posts in front of barracks. The Moslem riders galloped about the town, each with 10 or 15 human heads tied to his saddle."

The Tibetan prayer wheel, or manichorkor, can be turned by hot air, hand, wind, or water. As it spins, the scroll contained in the cylinder is believed to release prayers to the heavens.

Outwardly the Amdo are Tibetan Buddhists, but the ancient Bon religion has experienced growth in recent years. Bon was characterized by shamans, whose job was to "present the sacrifices, appease the spirits with magic, heal the sick, and even control the weather. The shaman specialized in a kind of ecstatic trance that let him travel to the spirit world and serve as a medium for the ghosts of the dead. In addition to the shamans there were also magicians and healers who had the power to control gods, demons, and locality spirits."

The Christian and Missionary Alliance church opened a mission base in the town of Xiahe in the early 1920s. They made little progress against the Buddhist stronghold. One wrote, "The main difficulties as they appear to me are: The food question. The food of the Tibetans is such that for a foreigner it is very hard to partake of, and still harder to digest, yet the itinerating missionary in this district has to eat it, for if he does not, he greatly offends his host and gets no opportunity to preach the Gospel." The Jesus film was translated into Amdo in 1998.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-06
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The Amdo Tibetans
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:A 1987 linguistic survey of China listed 112,800 speakers of the Rongmahbrogpa Tibetan language. The main center of the Rongmahbrogpa is the picturesque town of Xiahe in southwest Gansu Province. The language is also spoken in and around Tongren County in neighboring eastern Qinghai Province.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa
People Name General: Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa
Alternate People Names:
Rongbahbrogpa Rongmahbrogpa
ROP3 Code: 113987
Joshua Project People ID: 18394
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 188,000
Population all Countries: 188,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tibetan, Amdo (188,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): adx    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Rongmahbrogpa
Dialect Code:6956
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism95.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions4.55 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.40 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tibetan, Amdo
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tibetan     Asia, Northeast    
      Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Amdo, Rongmahbrogpa in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Tibetan, Amdo  
    All Religions                              

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