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Duoluo in China


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,900 Chinese, Mandarin Ethnic Religions 2.50 % 2.50 %   

Duoluo in China

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The Duoluo are one of several distinct ethnolinguistic groups which have been combined to form the official Gelao nationality in China. In 1945 the Gelao were described as being part of the Lao race in China, which included the Mulao and Tulao.

The Duoluo were once the renowned leaders of the Yelang Kingdom which ruled a large part of southern China. Prior to the advent of Chinese Communism in 1949 many Duoluo practiced child-marriage. "To celebrate the marriage, the bride would walk with her relatives, carrying an umbrella, to the groom's home, where they would live apart from their parents."

When a Duoluo dies, a colorful funeral procession is staged. "Mourners dance in groups of three, one playing a lusheng (reed pipe), one beating a bamboo pole, the third brandishing a sword, and all singing as they dance. In other areas, the mourners sit in front of the coffin while family members of the deceased serve wine in gratitude to them. In some places, a shaman who chooses the time and place of burial recites scriptures at the grave. Animal sacrifice usually accompanies the burial. Trees, rather than stones, mark the grave."

Animism and ancestor worship are mostly practiced among Duoluo communities in the remote mountains. Most of the Duoluo living near townships have been thoroughly assimilated and have become nonreligious.

There is believed to be a small number of Christians among the Duoluo today. Catholic mission work among the different Gelao groups started in the late 1800s. A Catholic church was soon built. Protestant work commenced in the early 1900s. In 1908 the first two Gelao living in the Miao area of "Heo-er-kuan" were baptized.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:In 1987 Chinese linguist Zheng Guo-qiao reported a total of 1,200 speakers of the Duoluo language in southern China. They are located in a spreadout area, including the Agong District of Zhijin County; Xiangyinshao District of Zhenning County; and the Dujiao and Yanjiao districts of Liuzhi City in western Guizhou Province. The Duoluo language is also spoken in Jianshan District of Zunyi County in northern Guizhou, as well as the Sanchong District of Longlin County in the northwestern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There may also be ethnic Duoluo people living in eastern Yunnan Province, but they can no longer speak their language and so have not been listed in Chinese sources.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Duoluo
People Name General: Duoluo
Alternate People Names:
Duoluo GelaoTu'lu
ROP3 Code: 114046
Joshua Project People ID: 18446
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,900
Population all Countries: 2,900
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tai
People Name General: Duoluo
Ethnic Code: MSY49a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin
Language Code (ISO): cmn    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Duoluo (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.50 %(Evangelical: 2.50 %)
Ethnic Religions75.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious22.50 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1864-1986
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1823-2018
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsChrist for the Nations
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Traditional (FCBH ...
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus film: view in Mandarin Chinese
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralChinese Blog about Unreached Peoples
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterInternational Bible Society
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Chinese, Simplified )
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Chinese, Traditional)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Duoluo in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tai     Asia, Northeast    
      Duoluo China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Duoluo in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Mandarin  
    All Religions                              

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