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Han Chinese, Dan in China

Han Chinese, Dan

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Han Chinese, Dan in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,026,000 Chinese, Yue Ethnic Religions 8.80 % 6.70 %   

Han Chinese, Dan in China

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Identity
The Dan prefer to call themselves Soisangyan, a name which means "water-borne people" in their dialect. Although they are officially classified as part of the Han Chinese nationality, most other people in southern China "attest the Dan are not Han Chinese at all, but rather a distinct minority race." Experts now generally agree that although the Dan are ethnolinguistically a Sinitic people, "there is no doubt that they have been discriminated against in the past, officially as well as socially. It is clear they have developed a strong sense of group identity. Other Chinese consider them an separate ethnic group. Such a castelike distinction is more typical of India than of China."

History
Chinese references to the Dan and their lives as boat people date back at least 800 years. The uniqueness of the Dan was enforced by tales describing how they had short legs, useful only for life at sea. Some stories alleged they had six toes and even a tail. In Hong Kong the status of the Dan has been greatly diminished in recent years since the government has outlawed the practice of living on boats.

Customs
Not surprisingly, all customs of the Dan revolve around their lives on the water. Whole families live on small boats that "seldom if ever touch the shore. Children are born and raised on the boats, and dogs, chickens, and cats move freely from deck to deck. In the old days little coffin boats carried each [Dan] person to his or her final resting place on land. For some, it was the first time on land as well as the last." The Chinese have a saying that a Dan person "on the water is a veritable dragon, on land is only a miserable worm."

Religion
The Dan developed their own religious beliefs relating to their unique lifestyles. They worship Tin Hau, the goddess of fishermen, whose image is carried in floating temples. They also honor the spirit of the fish and sea dragon.

Christianity
Because of their close-knit families and unique, isolated culture, few Dan in China have ever been exposed to the gospel message. Churches have existed among the Dan in Hong Kong for more than 50 years, however, due to the efforts of mission agencies who specifically focused on them and boarded their boats to share the love of Christ. Most Dan can understand standard Cantonese and could be reached using materials in that language.

View Han Chinese, Dan in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-12
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:A 1972 study listed a population of about three million Dan people, historically known as the "Boat People," living along the coasts of southern China including Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan Island, and Macau. An additional 150,000 lived on boats in Hong Kong at the time. By the 1980s the number in Hong Kong had diminished to about 50,000. In addition, Dan people have migrated to several countries in Southeast Asia, where they are known by various names, including the official Ngai minority in Vietnam.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Dan
People Name General: Han Chinese, Dan
Alternate People Names:
Boat PeopleDan
DanjiaNgai
SoisangyanTanka
Xumin
ROP3 Code: 114079
Joshua Project People ID: 18473
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 5,026,000
Population all Countries: 5,026,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Dan
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Yue (5,026,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): yue    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Yuehai
Dialect Code:20733
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism5.00 % 
Christianity8.80 %(Evangelical: 6.70 %)
Ethnic Religions61.40 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious24.80 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent89.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1862-1903
New Testament:
1877Audio
Complete Bible: 1894-1981
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Cantonese (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Revised Union (FC ...
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Simplified (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament - Union (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Yue
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoOpen the Doors See the Mountains
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Story of Xiao Nong
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
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Han Chinese, Dan in China

Peoples
               
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      Han Chinese, Dan China    
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            Han Chinese, Dan in China          
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      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Yue  
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18473&rog3=CH