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Han Chinese, Waxiang in China

Han Chinese, Waxiang

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Han Chinese, Waxiang in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
375,000 Waxianghua Ethnic Religions 0.30 % 0.22 % No No   

Han Chinese, Waxiang in China

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Although officially considered part of the Han Chinese nationality, Waxiang may not even be a Chinese language. Little study has been conducted into Waxiang, but one scholar notes, "Some view it as a special variety of Chinese, others as a minority language, perhaps related to Miao." It is possible that the Waxiang are a mixture of Miao and Chinese people who developed their own distinct characteristics after centuries of mutual contact.

The Qing (Manchu) Dynasty (1644-1911): The Manchus in the northeast took advantage of the peasant unrest throughout China and seized control of Beijing. Yet again, the Han Chinese majority were ruled by a neighboring minority tribe. It took a further four decades for the Manchu to take control of southern China. Today's Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Xinjiang were all conquered and subdued, leading to ethnic unrest which persists to this day. The Manchu period witnessed the entrance of foreign powers into China and the seizing of key ports and regions. Hong Kong was taken by the British, Macau by the Portuguese, while the Dutch, Spanish, French, Japanese, and Russians all laid claim to parts of China. The Chinese consider the Manchu Dynasty one of the most humiliating of their long history.

Many of the customs of the more rural Waxiang are similar to those of the neighboring Ghao-Xong.

The majority of Waxiang practice animistic rituals. They appease spirits and ghosts who they believe dwell in their villages and influence their lives for good or for evil.

There are few Christians among the Waxiang. The region has historically given a cold reception to those few missionaries who ventured into the Wuling Mountains. American Catholic priests, from the Blessed Gabriel Monastery in Massachusetts, USA, commenced work along the Hunan-Guizhou border in the 1920s. One early missionary reported, "The good work is moving but very slowly. The people are as hard as steel. They are eaten up both soul and body by the world, and do not seem to feel that there can be reality in anything beyond sense. To them our doctrine is foolishness, our talk jargon. We discuss and beat them in argument. We reason them into silence and shame; but the whole effort falls upon them like showers upon a sandy desert."

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-06-15
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 320,000 speakers of the Waxiang language live scattered throughout an area of more than 6,000 square kilometers (2,340 sq. mi.) in western Hunan Province. The majority are located in the Wuling Mountains, including parts of Yuanling, Chunxi, Jishou, Guzhang, and Dayong counties.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Waxiang
People Name General: Han Chinese, Waxiang
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 114091
Joshua Project People ID: 18483
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 375,000
Population all Countries: 375,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Waxiang
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Waxianghua (375,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): wxa    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism1.00 % 
Christianity0.30 %(Evangelical: 0.22 %)
Ethnic Religions70.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious28.70 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent75.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic25.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Han Chinese, Waxiang in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Chinese     Asia, Northeast    
      Han Chinese, Waxiang China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Waxiang in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Waxianghua  
    All Religions                              

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