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Hmong Dou in China

Hmong Dou

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,200 Miao, Large Flowery Ethnic Religions 11.00 % 9.46 % No   

Hmong Dou in China

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Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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Although they speak a language mutually intelligible with other Western Miao (Hmong) varieties, the Hmong Dou possess their own ethnic identity. They do not consider other Miao/Hmong groups to be of the same ethnic stock and do not usually intermarry outside of their communities. The Chinese call them Hongxian Miao, which means "red thread Miao." The Hmong Be (Mountain Hmong) in Luzhai Village of Dafang County call them Hmong Dou which means "downhill Hmong."

Centuries of discrimination and military campaigns against them by the Chinese have splintered the Miao/Hmong into their numerous present-day ethnic groups and languages - including the Hmong Dou.

The Hmong Dou were given their Chinese name (Hongxian "red thread" Miao) because the women "often make their hair into a large bun that bulges on each side of the head. The bun is held in place by red thread wrapped around the forehead in a band about three inches in height."

For centuries the Hmong Dou have been diligent to appease demons, offering annual sacrifices in a bid to keep peace with the spirit world. They believe spirits can be either good or bad and can locate themselves in a person, animal, or some other object of nature.

Because they live alongside the Gha-Mu, who have thousands of Christians, most Hmong Dou have some awareness of the gospel, and a small number have placed their trust in Jesus Christ. Missionary J. R. Adam worked in the area in the early 1900s and included the Hmong Dou in one of his 1907 mission reports.

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The Miao
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 3,200 Hmong Dou live in the large Dananshan Village in Bijie County, located in the western part of Guizhou Province. Small numbers also live in a few surrounding villages in Xiaoshao and Yanzikou townships. In addition, some Hmong Dou have migrated to the Daguan and Xiehe districts of Qianxi County.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hmong Dou
People Name General: Hmong Dou
Alternate People Names:
Downhill HmongHongxian Miao
MoRed Thread Miao
Red Top Miao
ROP3 Code: 114104
Joshua Project People ID: 18493
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,200
Population all Countries: 4,200
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Miao / Hmong
People Name General: Hmong Dou
Ethnic Code: MSY47a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Miao, Large Flowery (4,200 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hmd    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity11.00 %(Evangelical: 9.46 %)
Ethnic Religions84.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1907-2009
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2009
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Miao, Large Flowery
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Hmong Dou in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Miao / Hmong     Asia, Northeast    
      Hmong Dou China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hmong Dou in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Miao, Large Flowery  
    All Religions                              

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