People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Hmu, Northern in China

Hmu, Northern

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Hmu, Northern in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,106,000 Miao, Northern Qiandong Ethnic Religions 0.30 % 0.25 % No No   

Hmu, Northern in China

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Northern Qiangdong Hmong is a group of about 900,000 people living in south central China, concentrated in southeast Guizhou Province. They are primarily agriculturalists. They grow and trade rice, rapeseed, vegetables, and raise chickens. They are known for their beautiful embroidery, jewelry and bright, colorful clothing. Their trade neighbors are the Dong, Bouyei, and other Hmong people groups.

The greatest need of the Hmong is community development. The Hmong overall is one of the poorest ethnic groups of China. The Northern Qiangdong Hmong have a good sense of self-identity. They value their mother tongue. However 90% of all Hmong are illiterate in the official orthography of the Hmong, and 65% are illiterate in Mandarin Chinese.

Over 95% of the Hmong are animistic. They build altars to appease the spirits as well as to honor ancestors. Shamans will advise parents as to which spirit is making their child sick and must be appeased. Those Hmong who live in the cities may be atheistic. Less than 1% of Hmong are Christian.

View Hmu, Northern in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-06-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-08
  Submit Update:
Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:Approximately 1.6 million Northern Hmu are concentrated in eastern Guizhou Province and areas of northern Guangxi. The main center for the Northern Hmu is the city of Kaili. Others are located in southeast Guizhou. Scattered pockets are also found in southwest Guizhou and in Longlin County in northwest Guangxi.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Hmu, Northern
People Name General: Hmu, Northern
Alternate People Names:
Black MiaoChientung Miao
East Guizhou MiaoHei Miao
Hmong, Northern QiandongHmu Northern
Miao, Qiandong NorthernNorthern Hmu
Northern Qiandong Miao
ROP3 Code: 114110
Joshua Project People ID: 18499
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,106,000
Population all Countries: 2,106,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Miao / Hmong
People Name General: Hmu, Northern
Ethnic Code: MSY47a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Miao, Northern Qiandong (2,106,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hea    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.30 %(Evangelical: 0.25 %)
Ethnic Religions94.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.20 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1928-1937
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoThe Big Picture Story Bible
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Hmu, Northern in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Miao / Hmong     Asia, Northeast    
      Hmu, Northern China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hmu, Northern in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Miao, Northern Qiandong  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: