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Iu Mien, Hunan in China

Iu Mien, Hunan

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Iu Mien, Hunan in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
225,000 Iu Mien Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Iu Mien, Hunan in China

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Although they are part of the great Yao nationality in China, the Iu Mien living in Hunan Province have been found to speak a dialect that differs and is considered mutually unintelligible with Iu Mien varieties elsewhere.

There has been great conflict between the Iu Mien (Yao) and the Han for many centuries. Until this century the Chinese character for writing Yao used the radical for "insect" instead of the radical for "people." A series of rebellions occurred among the Iu Mien in Hunan, starting in 1836. The fight was over the control of the opium trade. Most drugs going from southern China to the northern provinces passed through Xinning County, just to the west of the Xiang River valley. The Iu Mien in this region were involved with the trade as well as several Chinese triad societies, including the Qinglian Jiao (Black Lotus Society) and the Bangbang Hui (Cudgel Society). In 1847 another revolt occurred in Xinning, led by an Iu Mien, Li Caihao. The Iu Mien were savagely defeated after fighting lasted for several months. Thousands of Iu Mien were killed.

Many of the Iu Mien in Hunan live in isolated villages at the summits of high mountains. Because of their location, the Iu Mien pipe fresh water to their villages through a skillfully constructed system of bamboo pipes.

The Hunan Iu Mien share three religious belief systems. They worship Pan Hu, the mythical progenitor of their race, they appease spirits and demons, and they also observe rituals borrowed from Daoism (which includes ancestor worship).

The Iu Mien in Hunan are among China's most unreached people groups. There is very little Christian influence of any sort in Hunan, and few believers have ever dared to venture into the isolated mountains inhabited by the Iu Mien since time immemorial.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:An official government study in 1995 listed 130,000 speakers of the Iu Mien language living in southern Hunan Province. They inhabit at least 17 different counties within Hunan, including Yongzhou, Shuangpai, Xintian, Changning, Daoxian, Lanshan, Lingxian, Ningyuan, Jianghua, Jiangyong, Dong'an, Linwu, Guiyang, Xinning, and Yizhang. In many locations the Iu Mien live alongside Ghao-Xong and Han Chinese. There are no speakers of the Hunan variety of Iu Mien reportedly living outside of China.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Iu Mien, Hunan
People Name General: Iu Mien, Hunan
Alternate People Names:
Hunan YaoMien
Mien, HunanPan Yao
ROP3 Code: 114117
Joshua Project People ID: 18505
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 225,000
Population all Countries: 225,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Yao-Mien
People Name General: Iu Mien, Hunan
Ethnic Code: MSY47b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Iu Mien (225,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ium    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions95.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1932-1996
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2007-2008
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Iu Mien
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mien Bible (Lao Script)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mien Bible (New Roman Script)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mien Bible (Old Roman Script Scri ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Mien Bible (Thai Script)
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Iu Mien, Hunan in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Yao-Mien     Asia, Northeast    
      Iu Mien, Hunan China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Iu Mien, Hunan in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Iu Mien  
    All Religions                              

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