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Lingao in China


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Lingao in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
693,000 Lingao Ethnic Religions 1.10 % 0.85 % No   

Lingao in China

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The Lingao, despite speaking their own Tai language, have been officially included as members of the Han Chinese nationality. "Although they regard themselves as Han people, they are regarded as Li people in historical records and by the Han people on Hainan Island." The Lingao call their language the "village language" - the same name as the Cun people on the west coast of Hainan. To avoid confusion, the Chinese have labeled this group Lingao.

Although the use of the Lingao language is widespread, "it has no orthography and is not taught in schools." Scholars disagree regarding the linguistic affiliation of Lingao. Some consider it "closely related to Bouyei, Giay, and Northern Zhuang." Many city-dwelling Lingao are bilingual in the local dialect of Chinese, and some speak Mandarin as a third language. Most rural Lingao, especially women and children, are unable to speak any language except their own.

The Lingao language suggests they may have originally been Zhuang who migrated from the Mainland. Hainan has belonged to China for about 2,000 years. "Yet the Chinese have occupied little more than its fringe, and among them the legend still persists that the wild men of the interior have tails!"

Many Lingao fish in the Beibu Gulf between Hainan and the Chinese Mainland. Every year, between May and October, severe storms lash the area.

The majority of Lingao are animists. In some locations a multiplicity of spirit beings and ghosts are worshiped. Ancestor worship is also common.

In 1630 Jesuit priests from Macau came and set up a chapel in Fucheng - then the capital of Qiongzhou.7 More than 250 years later, in the 1880s, Danish missionary Carl Jeremiassen also "settled down in Fucheng, Qiongshan County, where he bought the Ancestral Hall and turned it into a church." Today, most of the Christians on Hainan are in the northern part of the island. Many Han and Lingao youth have found Christ in recent years, as both official and underground churches report overflowing crowds at their meetings.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-06-25
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 640,000 speakers of Lingao inhabit four counties in the northern part of Hainan Island, including the provincial capital Haikou, and as far west as Bolian Township.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lingao
People Name General: Lingao
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 114173
Joshua Project People ID: 18556
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 693,000
Population all Countries: 693,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Li
People Name General: Lingao
Ethnic Code: MSY49z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Lingao
Language Code (ISO): onb    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.10 %(Evangelical: 0.85 %)
Ethnic Religions86.90 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious12.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent90.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2015
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Lingao
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Hope
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Story of Xiao Nong
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Lingao in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Li     Asia, Northeast    
      Lingao China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lingao in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Lingao  
    All Religions                              

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