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Mongol, Sichuan in China

Mongol, Sichuan

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Mongol, Sichuan in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
29,000 Mongolian, Peripheral Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Mongol, Sichuan in China

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The Sichuan Mongols are officially counted as part of the Mongolian nationality in China. They are a distinct ethnolinguistic group, however, from all other Mongolian peoples. They call themselves Mongols and possess their own clothing, history and language. All other peoples in the region recognize them as Mengzu (Mongols).

Joseph Rock was the first recorded foreigner to visit the Sichuan Mongols in 1924. He described the town of Youngning as "the seat of three chiefs whose ancestors were Mongols, elevated to power by Kublai Khan in the 13th century." Rock adds, "When the great Mongol Emperor marched through the territory about Youngning, 1253 AD, he left one of his relatives to rule the Hlihin tribesmen." Before Communist rule, the Mongol king acted as a warlord over the whole region. "When the Communists took over, they deposed him, not killing him so as not to make him a martyr in the people's eyes." The Mongol palace was destroyed and the prince was sent to a reeducation camp for several years. The prince, La Ping Chu, is still alive today and respected by his people, although he is not allowed to rule. Many older Mongols still bow their heads in respect when they pass him on the street.

Most Sichuan Mongols are farmers or fishermen, leading quiet lives in their remote villages. They observe Buddhist festivals, "hoping some day their kingdom will be restored to them."

Tibetan Buddhism - also known as Lamaism - is the stronghold of the Sichuan Mongols. There is a temple in active use just behind the prince's house. Most temples and altars were destroyed during the Cultural Revolution.

Very few Sichuan Mongols have ever heard the name of Jesus Christ. One person who has heard the gospel is the prince himself, witnessed to by foreign visitors a few years ago. A prayer for healing was offered for the prince, who could not stand up straight because of a stomach ulcer. He was completely healed. The Sichuan Mongols are surrounded by unreached people groups on every side; therefore, there are no Christian communities nearby who could reach them. Gospel radio broadcasts in Mandarin have had little effect because few understand Chinese.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-07-31
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 27,000 Mongols live in the southern part of Sichuan Province. Although a few Mongol villages are within the borders of Yunnan Province - located on the shores of Lugu Lake among the Mosuo people - most are in Sichuan, spread out along two or three valleys in Yanyuan and Muli counties, northeast of Lugu Lake.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mongol, Sichuan
People Name General: Mongol, Sichuan
Alternate People Names:
Lugu Lake MongolsSichuan Mongolians
ROP3 Code: 114227
Joshua Project People ID: 18607
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 29,000
Population all Countries: 29,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Mongolian
People Name General: Mongol, Sichuan
Ethnic Code: MSY41f
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Mongolian, Peripheral (29,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mvf    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism90.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions5.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1994-1996
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mongolian, Periphera ...
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterMulti-Language Media
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Mongolian)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Mongol, Sichuan in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mongolian     Asia, Northeast    
      Mongol, Sichuan China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mongol, Sichuan in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Mongolian, Peripheral  
    All Religions                              

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