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Ongkor in China


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Ongkor in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
30 Evenki Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Ongkor in China

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The few remaining Ongkor have been included as part of the Ewenki nationality in China. The Ongkor do not use the name Ewenki but sometimes refer to themselves as the Xinjiang Solon.

The Ongkor are the remnant from a tumultuous time in history. Their ancestors were a diaspora group of Solon Ewenki who were sent to Xinjiang from Manchuria in 1763. Other troops who made the yearlong march across China included the ancestors of today's Western Xibe and Western Daur minorities. The reigning Manchu Dynasty ordered them to bring the hostile western front of China under control. After the collapse of Manchu rule, the soldiers and their families decided to stay in Xinjiang.

The Ongkor have few distinct customs left. They have adopted the lifestyles of their Western Daur and Han Chinese neighbors. The Ongkor emphasize courtesy in accordance with seniority. "When someone meets an older person, he offers tobacco to him, bends his knees, stands aside and bows to show his greeting. Even when he is on a horse, he should dismount to greet first."

Although the other Ewenki groups in China have shamans and worship a wide range of gods and idols, the Ongkor have lost these practices. They could best be described as animists, believing all natural forces have a soul. Most Ongkor under the age of 40 are atheists who have no religious beliefs.

Throughout their history, from the time they were a numerous people to their current state on the verge of extinction, the Ongkor people have never been touched by Christianity. There has never been a known Ongkor church. The western Xinjiang region - a stronghold of Islam - is one of the least evangelized places in the world.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Ongkor are the smallest group profiled in this book, with just 20 people reported in a 1993 study. Yet those 20 individuals view themselves as a separate ethnic community, speak (or spoke until recently) their own unique language, and hold to a rich history. As recently as the 1945 Xinjiang census, the Ongkor numbered 2,506 people. Since that time they have intermarried with other groups, especially with the Western Daur and Western Xibe. They have rapidly lost their language and identity, so that today a mere 20 individuals could still be considered ethnically distinct. While many would discount the Ongkor as not worthy of mention, it should be remembered that in Vietnam the government has given official minority status to the 32 members of the ODu tribe. The Ongkor inhabit one village near Yining in Xinjiang's Ili Prefecture.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Ongkor
People Name General: Ongkor
Alternate People Names:
Ongkor SolonOnkor
Sinkiang SolonTurkestan Solon
Xinjiang Ewenki
ROP3 Code: 114270
Joshua Project People ID: 18649
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 30 (Reported)
Population all Countries: 30
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Altaic
People Name General: Ongkor
Ethnic Code: MSY41i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Evenki (30 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): evn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions50.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious50.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1880-2013
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Ongkor in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Altaic     Asia, Northeast    
      Ongkor China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Ongkor in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Evenki  
    All Religions                              

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