People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Qiang, Cimulin in China

Qiang, Cimulin

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Qiang, Cimulin in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
17,000 Qiang, Northern Buddhism 0.01 % 0.01 % No No   

Qiang, Cimulin in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

The Cimulin Qiang language is very different from other varieties of Qiang. "The Chinese character for Qiang is a combination of yang (sheep) and ren (people), with the composite meaning of 'people tending sheep'."

Cimulin Qiang, which is a Northern Qiang language, is not tonal, whereas Southern Qiang varieties consist of between two to six tones. Many of the Cimulin Qiang are bilingual in Tibetan, while others living near the towns are able to speak Chinese. In addition, more than 50,000 speakers of Northern Qiang dialects have been placed under the Tibetan nationality.

Qiang history dates back as far as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100-771 BC), when considerable numbers of Han people migrated west and formed mixed communities with the Di and Qiang.

One of the Qiang festivals is called Jishanhui, which women are not allowed to attend. A cow or sheep is sacrificed on an altar to the god of the Mountains. They ask for a good harvest and peace for the village.

The Northern Qiang language groups have embraced Tibetan Buddhism more zealously than the Southern Qiang, because of centuries of influence from neighboring Tibetans. The Northern Qiang also worship a multitude of Chinese and Tibetan deities, of which the Sky god is considered the greatest. In addition, shamans, witches, and mediums are located throughout the countryside. In 1994 one Christian interviewed a Qiang sorceress at a temple reputed to be 1,000 years old. The woman told the visitor, "'I have the power to put people into a trance, and make their spirits leave their bodies and travel to hell. Usually, we can then call their spirits back, but sometimes it doesn't work, and the person dies and is trapped in hell forever.' When we told her about a God who has the power to take her spirit to heaven, she was delighted and wanted to know more." Most Qiang people, like this sorceress, have absolutely no awareness of the gospel.

One Christian ministry has incorrectly reported there to be "no Qiang Christians remaining," but a small Qiang church does exist in China. There are a very small number of Northern Qiang Christians, including some families living in Songpan. "There are no church buildings any more, but still Christian believers." It is not known, however, if there are any Christians specifically among the Cimulin Qiang. Several short-term missions teams in the early 1990s were arrested and expelled from China for distributing literature in the Qiang region.

View Qiang, Cimulin in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-22
Prayer Links
The Qiang
  Submit Update:
Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:A Chinese source lists a 1990 figure of 9,800 speakers of Cimulin Qiang living in five districts within Heishui (Black Water) County in northwest Sichuan Province. The total Qiang population in the 1990 census was 198,252 - a four-fold increase from the 1964 figure of only 49,105. Most of the increase can be attributed to the reclassification of additional peoples under the Qiang, rather than to biological growth.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Qiang, Cimulin
People Name General: Qiang, Cimulin
Alternate People Names:
Qiang, DzorgaiTz'u-mu-lin
Tz'u-mu-lin Ch'iang
ROP3 Code: 114285
Joshua Project People ID: 18659
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 17,000
Population all Countries: 17,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Qiang, Cimulin
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Qiang, Northern (17,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cng    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Cimulin
Dialect Code:15822
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism70.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions30.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Qiang, Cimulin in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Asia, Northeast    
      Qiang, Cimulin China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Qiang, Cimulin in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Qiang, Northern  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: