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Tai Kao in Laos

Tai Kao

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Tai Kao in Laos map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
102,000 Tai Don Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Tai Kao in Laos

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Introduction / History
The White Tai are an influential people who inhabit the narrow upland valleys of northeastern Laos. The White Tai, together with their neighbors, the Black Tai, were named for the color of their women's clothing.

Centuries ago, the White Tai lived in China. Relentless pressure by the Chinese gradually forced them southward. Eventually they settled along the Red and Black Rivers, where they found themselves in the landlocked country of Laos and completely dependent on others to survive. Laos endured years of invasions, a series of land wars, and then a French colonial possession. Now an independent country, Laos has good relations with all of its neighbors, including countries such as Russia and the United States. However, the lack of an outlet to the sea means it is still dependent on outsiders.

The White Tai speak a tonal language, Tai Kao. They are members of a larger cultural linguistic group of Tai peoples that includes the Laotians, the Shan, and others.

What are their lives like?
The White Tai are extremely polite, respectful, and hospitable. Their children are brought up to respect those of a higher rank and to become self-reliant individuals. Age is highly respected in White Tai society. Type of occupation, wealth, and place and type of residence follow age in terms of respect and rank. Rural farmers rank below craftsmen, merchants, and city government officials; and clergy are a separate group.

Families are the core of White Tai society. In rural areas, the entire immediate family lives together with mutual respect for each other. A young married couple may live with the wife's family until they can establish their own home. The father is considered the head of the family, and White Tai husbands and wives appear to have a harmonious relationship. In fact, the White Tai are distinguished by an almost equal division of labor by sex. Both men and women plow, fish, cook, tend to the babies, clean house, and wash clothes.

The White Tai live in small, self-governing villages that are usually limited to a single valley. Each village is under the control of the chao muong, or prince, to whom the commoners pay taxes. Although the White Tai are Laotian citizens, they have very little say so in the government.

Most of the White Tai live on small valley farms, where they grow wet rice using irrigation and terraces. Opium is often grown as a cash crop. The construction of new roads has helped increase accessibility to the rural areas. Chinese shops have opened in several market towns and Chinese merchants often visit the villages.

What are their beliefs?
Over half of the White Tai combine folk animism (belief that non-living objects have spirits) with Buddhism. They worship various spirits and objects, and also believe that people have multiple personal souls. They hold ceremonies for recalling the souls because they believe that this will strengthen the individual personality. The White Tai believe in spirits of the dead, the natural world, the political world, various localities, etc.

Many White Tai are Buddhists. They are followers of Buddha ("the enlightened one") and seek to eliminate suffering and improve their future by gaining merit in pursuit of perfect peace, or nirvana. They believe that merit can be acquired through feeding monks, donating to temples, and attending worship services. Traditionally, young men enter village monasteries for about three months to study Buddhism.

What are their needs?
The White Tai have been deeply scarred by all of the fighting and bloodshed in the past. They desperately need healing and new spiritual hope.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth additional laborers into Laos to minister to the needs of the White Tai.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to any missions agencies focusing on the White Tai.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of White Tai Christians.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the White Tai towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth many vigorous Christian fellowships for the glory of His name!
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Tai Kao in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
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Country: Laos
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:19 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:5
Location in Country:Houaphan, Phongsali, Luang Prabang, Xiangkhoang provinces, and Vientiane City
(Source: Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tai Kao
People Name General: Tai Don, White Tai
Alternate People Names:
Dai KaoDai, White
Red TaiTai Blanc
Tai DTai Don
Tai KawTai Khao
Tai LaiThái
Thai TrangTribal Tai
White Tai
ROP3 Code: 109710
Joshua Project People ID: 18689
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 102,000
Population all Countries: 461,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tai
People Name General: Tai Don, White Tai
Ethnic Code: MSY49z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tai Don (102,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): twh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism25.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions75.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1969-1992
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tai Kao in Laos

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tai     Asia, Southeast    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tai Don, White Tai Laos    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tai Kao in Laos          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Tai Don  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18689&rog3=LA