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Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam

Tai Don, White Tai

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
331,000 Tai Don Ethnic Religions 1.00 % 0.25 % No No   

Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam

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Introduction / History
Most of the White Tai (who are named for the color of their women's clothing) live in northern Vietnam along the banks of the Red and Black Rivers. A few have settled in the Tung Nghia region of southern Vietnam. The White Tai speak a tonal language, Tai Don. They are members of a larger cultural linguistic group of Tai peoples, which includes the Shan, the Laotians, and others.

Although the White Tai are part of the Thai official nationality in Vietnam, they are not native to the land. Originally from China, they emigrated south to Vietnam because of unceasing pressure by the Chinese. However, settling in Vietnam did not bring them peace. By 1895, the French ruled Vietnam in an Indo-Chinese Union. After World War II, France and Japan governed the country jointly until Japan disarmed the French. Communist rebels emerged and military regimes formed, leading to severe blood-shed until the Communist Republic of North Vietnam spread to the South in 1975.

What are their lives like?
The White Tai are extremely polite, respectful, and hospitable. Children are brought up to respect those of a higher rank, and to be independent and self-reliant. Type of occupation, wealth, and place and type of residence follow age in terms of respect and rank. Rural farmers rank below craftsmen, merchants, and city government officials. Clergy are a separate group.

Families are the core of White Tai society. In rural villages, the entire immediate family often lives together. Although the father is considered the head of the family, White Tai husbands and wives appear to have peaceful relationships. In fact, the White Tai are distinguished by an almost equal division of labor by sex. Both men and women plow, till, fish, cook, care for the children, clean house, and wash clothes.

Wet-rice, the main agricultural crop, is grown for consumption as well as for cash sales. The White Tai are also excellent cloth weavers. Their spacious, artistically designed houses (which are built on stilts) have rectangular roofs, which distinguish them from the Black Tai's tortoise-shaped roofs.

Tai culture has changed dramatically as a result of the transition from a feudal to a socialist society. Farmers now belong to agricultural cooperatives, and small-scale industrialization has helped turn Tai agricultural peasants into a Vietnamese working class. New social structures have also brought improved education and health care. Some medical schools and some hospitals have been built. These have helped gain control over diseases such as small pox, cholera, tuberculosis, and malaria.

What are their beliefs?
Over half of the White Tai combine folk animism with Buddhism. They worship various spirits and objects, and also believe that people have multiple personal souls. They hold ceremonies for "recalling" the souls because they believe that this will strengthen the individual personality. The White Tai believe in spirits of the dead, the natural world, the political world, various localities, etc.

Many of the White Tai are Buddhists. They are followers of Buddha ("the enlightened one") and seek to eliminate suffering and improve their future by gaining merit in pursuit of perfect peace, or nirvana. They believe that merit can be acquired through feeding monks, donating to temples, and attending worship services. Traditionally, young men enter village monasteries for about three months to study Buddhism.

What are their needs?
The White Tai have been deeply scarred by all of the fighting and bloodshed in the past. They desperately need healing and new spiritual hope.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to send additional laborers into Vietnam to work among the White Tai.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Vietnam through intercession.
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the White Tai of Vietnam.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of White Tai Christians.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local Christian fellowships among the White Tai.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Tai Don, White Tai in all countries.

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Country: Vietnam
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:21 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:North, mainly along Red and Black rivers, Lai Chau, Dien Bien, Lao Cai, and Son La provinces; some in the south, Lam Dòng province, Tung Nghia.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tai Don, White Tai
People Name General: Tai Don, White Tai
Alternate People Names:
Dai KaoDai, White
Red TaiTai Blanc
Tai DTai Don
Tai KawTai Khao
Tai LaiThái
Thai TrangTribal Tai
White Tai
ROP3 Code: 109710
Joshua Project People ID: 18689
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 331,000
Population all Countries: 461,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Tai
People Name General: Tai Don, White Tai
Ethnic Code: MSY49z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tai Don (331,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): twh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism35.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.25 %)
Ethnic Religions58.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious6.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent5.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic80.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1969-1992
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam

Peoples
               
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  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
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    Tai     Asia, Southeast    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
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      Tai Don, White Tai Vietnam    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tai Don, White Tai in Vietnam          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Tai Don  
    Global    
Language
 
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18689&rog3=VM