People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Younuo in China


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Younuo in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
22,000 Bunu, Younuo Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Younuo in China

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

The Younuo people have been officially classified as part of the Bunu in China, who in turn are considered part of the Yao nationality. The term Bunu does not necessarily refer to a specific people group; it simply means "us people."

Traditionally, Younuo men were hunters, although the practice has diminished in the last generation. The Younuo's favorite weapons are the crossbow and the muzzle-loading musket. Wild pigs and deer become more scarce every year.

The Younuo rarely marry outside their ethnic group, although there is no rule prohibiting this. Often, Younuo women consider the location of their suitor's village - to determine how far she will have to walk to fetch water - before deciding if she will accept his proposal. Sexual immorality is rampant among the Younuo. Premarital sex is openly permitted. A young man may secretly come to his girlfriend's house after dark - knowing exactly where in the house she sleeps - and will call out to her between the cracks in the wall. If the girl accepts the boy's advances, she will leave the house and spend the night with him.

The Younuo have a flood legend. They claim the waters once rose up so high on the earth that they reached into heaven. Man then sounded a gong at the rooftop of the earth which woke the Thunder god. The Thunder god saw man's distress and came down to rescue them, causing the flood to end. They also worship a powerful dragon spirit, Zaj Laung, who they believe controls the waters and lives at the bottom the sea. He also controls the weather and must be placated to ensure enough rain for a bountiful harvest. The Younuo believe the dragon can take the form of a rainbow. They also worship the sun and moon.

The Younuo, and all the Bunu groups in southern China, are unreached with the gospel. Rev. W. H. Oldfield longed to reach the people groups in Guangxi in the early part of the twentieth century. "How we wished we could speak their dialect and tell them plainly the Gospel message. ... To this people, as yet, the Gospel has not been given. No missionary in [Guangxi] speaks their dialect; no Chinese worker is laboring among them; no Christian chapel has been opened in their territories. They live, they die, unreached, unhelped, and unheeded. For decades they have been groping in darkness, for decades more they will have to grope, unless someone comes to give them the message."

View Younuo in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-07-18
  Submit Update:
Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 18,000 members of the Younuo tribe - known locally as the Hong Yao (Red Yao) - live in concentrated communities within Longsheng and Xing'an counties in the northeastern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. They share the region with members of the Dong and Miao minorities. The 1982 Chinese census listed only 2,920 Younuo. Subsequent research found their numbers to be higher.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Younuo
People Name General: Younuo
Alternate People Names:
BunuHong Yao
Mountain Speech Red YaoRed Yao
Shanhua Hong YaoYounou
Younuo BunuYuno
ROP3 Code: 114368
Joshua Project People ID: 18733
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 22,000
Population all Countries: 22,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Yao-Mien
People Name General: Younuo
Ethnic Code: MSY47b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Bunu, Younuo (22,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): buh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions96.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious4.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Younuo in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Yao-Mien     Asia, Northeast    
      Younuo China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Younuo in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Bunu, Younuo  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: