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Batak Karo in Indonesia

Batak Karo

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
976,000 Batak Karo Christianity 70.00 % 11.00 %   

Batak Karo in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Batak Karo people are the indigenous people of the the Karo highlands, North Sumatra.

Where are they located?
Most of the Batak Karo live in the Karo regency. Some of them live in Dairi, Deli Serdang, Medan, Langkat or Southeast Aceh. Many of them live in villages known as 'kuta.' The traditional homeland of the Batak Karo people consists of the Karo and Dairi regencies and some parts of Deli Serdang, Langkat and Southeast Aceh regencies.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Batak Karo who still live in their homeland are farmers. Some of the Batak Karo live outside their homeland, such as Jakarta, Bandung or Surabaya, some of the Batak Karo men who live outside their homeland work as minibus (angkot) drivers, private chauffeurs for rich families or bus drivers. Some others become truck drivers, or even street criminals. Those who are educated go outside their homeland to become teachers or lecturers.

What are their beliefs?
Historically, the Batak Karo followed a religion called Karo Pemena, which is a syncretic religion mixing Hinduism and traditional Karo religion. In the early 20th century, many converted to Christianity or Islam. Some of the Batak Karo are Christians, especially those who live in Dairi, and some of the Batak Karo people are Muslims, especially those who have already assimilated with the Malay society and live in Deli Serdang, Medan, Langkat and Southeast Aceh. In Karo regency, there have never been conflicts between those two religious groups. It is common in a village in the Karo regency if there is a mosque and a church which are next to each other, it symbolizes peace and harmony between Muslims and Christians.

What are their needs?
Some of the Batak Karo people are very poor, they need to go outside their homeland, or even outside Indonesia. But some of them who do that become poor and jobless. To solve that problem, the local district council send some of them to work abroad. In the Karo regency, some of the roads are damaged, they need the roads to be repaired.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatera Utara Province, Langkat, Deli Serdang, Karo, and Dairi regencies west and northwest of Lake Toba; south, small border area in Tapanuli Tengah regency; also in southern Aceh Province, small enclave in Aceh Tenggara regency; south, parts of Kota Subulussalam, Aceh Selatan, and Aceh Singli regencies.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Batak Karo
People Name General: Batak Karo
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 114801
Joshua Project People ID: 18879
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 976,000
Population all Countries: 976,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Batak Karo
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Batak Karo (976,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): btx    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity70.00 %(Evangelical: 11.00 %)
Ethnic Religions5.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam25.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1910-1951
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1987-2003
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Batak Karo
Text / Printed MatterBible: Today's Batak Karo Bible
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Batak Karo in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Batak Karo Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Batak Karo in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Batak Karo  
    All Religions                              

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