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Tatar, Khakass in Russia

Tatar, Khakass

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Tatar, Khakass in Russia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
74,000 Khakas Ethnic Religions 2.00 % 1.10 %   

Tatar, Khakass in Russia

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Although the Chinese officially consider the Khakas to be a part of the Kirgiz nationality, their languages and culture "differ considerably." In Russia the Khakas are a collection of the five nomadic Turkic-speaking tribes of Kacha, Kyzyl, Sagai, Beltir, and Koibal.

During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) the Kirgiz fought with the Oirats. When the latter were defeated by the Eastern Mongols, most Kirgiz tribes moved to the Tianshan Range in Xinjiang where they still live today. A few Kirgiz remained in their homeland on the upper Yenisei River in today's Russia. Others lived just south of there, in the Altai Mountain range, as late as the eighteenth century. "When the Qing forces defeated the Jungars in the 1750s, they removed these Kirgiz [Khakas] to China's northeast. The first group moved there in 1758 and a second group followed them in 1761 from the Altai and Kang'ai mountain ranges. These two groups form the core of today's Kirgiz [Khakas] in Heilongjiang."

Most Khakas no longer practise their own customs. They have adapted to Chinese culture and before long will probably cease to be a distinct people.

Unlike the Kirgiz, there are no Muslims among the Khakas. They were converted to Tibetan Buddhism by their Mongol neighbors. "Until the 1950s you could still find shamans, called Gam in the Khakas villages." Today the Khakas are rapidly becoming a secularized group. Few of the present generation of Khakas youth have any interest in religion.

There has never been a single known believer among the Khakas in China. Their relatives in Russia are also an unreached people who follow animistic practices.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-03-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-03-10
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Country: Russia
Continent: Asia
Region: Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Persecution Rank:46 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Khakasiya Republic: north of Altai mountains; Krasnoyarskiy Kray, north; Kemerovskaya Oblast’; scattered throughout Russia.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tatar, Khakass
People Name General: Tatar, Khakass
Alternate People Names:
Yenisei Tatar
ROP3 Code: 114826
Joshua Project People ID: 18884
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 74,000
Population all Countries: 76,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Ural-Siberian
People Name General: Tatar, Khakass
Ethnic Code: MSY41z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Khakas (74,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kjh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 1.10 %)
Ethnic Religions58.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam40.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox100.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1995-2008
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStoryRunners Oral Bible Stories
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Khakas
Text / Printed MatterBible: Хакас тілі - Khakas
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tatar, Khakass in Russia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Ural-Siberian     Europe, Eastern and Eurasia    
      Tatar, Khakass Russia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tatar, Khakass in Russia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Khakas  
    All Religions                              

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