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Tonga in Malaysia

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Tonga in Malaysia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
100 Ten'edn Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Tonga in Malaysia

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Introduction / History
Tonga is the language of the Mani people of Thailand and Malaysia. They look more like Africans than Asians. They have lived in what is Thailand and Malaysia for thousands of years. They prefer the name "Mani" which simply means, "jungle dwellers."

Where are they located?
The Mani people live on the border between Thailand and Malaysia. Some live on either side of the border.

What are their lives like?
Because they live off the land through simple hunting and foraging for wild fruits, roots, and vegetables, they have a very small population. Clothes that are not brought to them from the outside are made of banana leaves and other natural materials. They live in huts made of bamboo poles with banana leaves for roofing.

Today things are changing rapidly for the Mani people. Other people groups are encroaching on their land and hunting their wild animals with guns. The Mani people cannot compete with outsiders for limited resources.

What are their beliefs?
The primary religion practiced by the Mani people is ethnic religion. Ethnic religion is deeply rooted in a people's ethnic identity and conversion essentially equates to cultural assimilation.

They cremate their dead, and ask the spirit of the deceased to not follow them home. They do not bury their dead because someone might walk over the place where the corpse is buried, which would be a sin.

What are their needs?
It is only a matter of time before this people group is forced to live in the 21st century, and if they are not prepared for it, they will be taken advantage of or even destroyed as a people. Believers can teach them valuable marketable skills so they don't wind up as beggars or prostitutes.

Prayer Points
* Pray for the Lord to send His people to help the Manis adjust to upcoming changes.
* Pray for justice and mercy to prevail as the Mani people come in contact with modern society.
* Pray for them to learn the ways of Jesus, and use them to help them to flourish in the years to come.
* Pray for a Mani church that will be defined by discipleship and obedience to the teachings of Jesus.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.
* Pray for Gospel messages to become available in audio format for this people group.


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Country: Malaysia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:46 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Peninsular, Perlis State, northwest tip, north of Kaki.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tonga
People Name General: Tonga
Alternate People Names:
Mos Negrito
ROP3 Code: 114836
Joshua Project People ID: 18889
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 100
Population all Countries: 500
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Mon-Khmer
People Name General: Tonga
Ethnic Code: AUG05
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Ten'edn (100 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tnz    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions85.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam14.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Tonga in Malaysia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mon-Khmer     Asia, Southeast    
      Tonga Malaysia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tonga in Malaysia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Ten'edn  
    All Religions                              

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