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Oromo, Southern in Somalia



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Oromo, Southern in Somalia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
86,000 Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji Islam 2.00 % 0.30 %   

Oromo, Southern in Somalia

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Introduction / History
The Oromo, are the largest, most widely dispersed people group in Ethiopia. The Oromo are composed of approximately a dozen tribal clusters. Nearly all the Oromo speak mutually intelligible dialects of the Oromo language. Although they retain similarities in their descent system, they differ considerably in religion, lifestyle, and political organization.

Migrating from the Horn of Africa, the Oromo arrived in Ethiopia four centuries ago. Together with the Amhara and the Tigrai, they dominated the government and military classes of the Ethiopian Empire. In the 1700s and 1800s, the Arusi became a prominent force in Abyssinian (Ethiopian) politics. During the nineteenth century, they converted to Islam. Today, they are more apt to speak Amhara and Tigrinya than Oromo, their native tongue.

What are their lives like?
The Arsi are herdsmen with a warrior tradition which determines a man's status by the number of livestock he owns. Virility and male attributes are considered desirable, with bravery and war being stressed. Riding, spear throwing, and fighting are also emphasized. Although warfare against enemies is honored, peace within the group is demanded.

Most Arsi live in rural areas where they make a living mainly from raising animals along with some farming. The typical dwelling is a tukal, or a circular hut made of acacia branches covered with grass mats. The cone-shaped roof has an opening that allows smoke to escape. Their staple diet includes durra (a cereal grain), maize, beans, rice, milk, meat, and wild fruits. Coffee and tea are both popular beverages.

The Arsi family is headed by an authoritarian father who has the right to expect total obedience. Men usually have only one wife, and children are considered a necessity. The more children and grandchildren a man has, the greater his prestige.

Arsi boys are taught to use a spear and begin training at an early age to become warriors. Traditionally, men ready to marry were expected to present to their brides part of a man who they had killed. The killing of a man was customarily a part of becoming a full-fledged adult as well as part of certain festivals. Although this tradition survives, wild animals are now used instead of humans.

One basic value of the Arsi-Galla is tokuma, which is identification with the group. Cooperation is central to this system, especially in work arrangements. The Arsi-Galla have a reputation for being easygoing and sociable. They value hospitality and almsgiving, but more to relatives and friends than to strangers.

Some Arsi-Galla have moved to the towns, attracted by employment opportunities and modern schooling. Others have entered national security forces, the industrial labor force, or the fields of trade, transportation, and education.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of the Arsi are Muslim; however, their traditional religion is still practiced by over part of the population. These ethnic religionists worship a supreme being named Waqa. Wadaja feasts are organized on various occasions, and livestock is sacrificed in Waqa's honor. Today, these feasts reflect a Muslim influence.

Many Arsi still believe that objects such as trees, springs, and rocks have spirits. It is also believed that spirits called jinn may take possession of people. While fasting during Ramadan is observed by most adults, celebration of other Muslim festivals is limited.

Prayer Points
* Pray for the Lord of the harvest to call missionaries to work among this group.
* Pray they will come to know of the one Sacrifice given on their behalf.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.

View Oromo, Southern in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-01-25
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Country: Somalia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:3 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Gedo region.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Oromo, Southern
People Name General: Oromo, Southern
Alternate People Names:
ArsiBoran
Oromo
ROP3 Code: 116291
Joshua Project People ID: 18894
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 86,000
Population all Countries: 86,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Oromo
People Name General: Oromo, Southern
Ethnic Code: CMT33b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji (86,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gax    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 0.30 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant20.00 %
Orthodox65.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1870-1966
New Testament:
1875-1979Audio
Complete Bible: 1987
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament- Bora (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Oromo, Borana-Arsi-G ...
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Oromo, Southern in Somalia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Oromo     Africa, East and Southern    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Oromo, Southern Somalia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Oromo, Southern in Somalia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18894&rog3=SO