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Tsaatan in Mongolia


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Tsaatan in Mongolia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
200 Tuvan Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Tsaatan in Mongolia

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Introduction / History
The Dukha or Tsaatan are a Turkic people of reindeer herders who live in northern Khovsgol Aimag in Mongolia. Tsaatan means those who have reindeers in Mongolian. They speak Tuva and Mongolian.

They follow Tengrism as their religion. They worship creation and ancestors and believe the ghosts of ancestors live as animals and give guidance. They have religious books. The Dukha were originally from the Tuva part of Russia. They live as people did many years ago.

The Dukha are one of only a few reindeer herding peoples. Reindeers are of the utmost importance to them. They live on reindeer produce which are milk, yogurt and cheese. They use reindeer for transport and for carrying items and really look after them and treat them as part of the family. Adults and children alike train the reindeers.

The Dukha are nomadic and move about a lot, which can be an obstacle to the gospel. They live in portable round tents that are called yurts made mostly from tree bark. They sleep on the ground on skins and their yurt always includes a stove. They also hunt wild animals for food for themselves.

Prayer Points
Pray that ways are found to give the Dukha the gospel message.
Pray that they will be shown the Bible and replace their religious books with it and that they will come to Jesus Christ.


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Country: Mongolia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:North and west enclaves, Hovsgol Province, northwest Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums, 2 areas of east of Hovsgol Nuur; Uvs Province, north and west of Uva Nuur, far north Tsagaannuur and Ulaan-Uul sums; Dzavhan Province, Dorvoljin sum; and Hovd Province, capital city area.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tsaatan
People Name General: Tsaatan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 115457
Joshua Project People ID: 18992
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 200
Population all Countries: 200
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Ural-Siberian
People Name General: Tsaatan
Ethnic Code: MSY41z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tuvan (200 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tyv    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions100.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1996
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2011-2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tuva
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tuvan
Text / Printed MatterIBT, Russia - resources
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tsaatan in Mongolia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Ural-Siberian     Asia, Northeast    
      Tsaatan Mongolia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tsaatan in Mongolia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Tuvan  
    All Religions                              

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