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Deaf in Russia


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
292,000 Russian Sign Language Christianity 66.90 % Unknown No   

Deaf in Russia

People Group Video [7]
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Introduction / History
There are approximately 8.7 million Deaf and "Hard of Hearing" in the Russian Federation and Central Asia countries according to 2000 census data. There are no recent census statistics available for Russia's approximately sixty-five different administrative regions plus twenty-one separate republics.

The former Soviet government established a limited number of schools specifically for the Deaf. At these schools, the Deaf meet and mix with other Deaf students from a broad range of other ethnic groups. As a result, the Deaf see themselves as Deaf first and then secondly as their particular ethnic group. Russian Sign language is said to be standardized everywhere in Russia thanks to the education policies of the former Soviet government.

There does not seem to be a distinction between Russian Sign Language versus Signed Russian (where words are signed in the Russian word order and have the same meaning as the Russian words). There is some limited evidence pointing towards a growth of non-Russian sign languages as other ethnic groups are developing a sense of pride in their history and language.

The Soviet government also established a policy directed toward the formation of factories and other places of employment. Those places were largely focused on providing a working environment for Deaf employees, thus providing them with a more homogeneous working environment adapted to their needs. Currently there are many attempts to communicate the Gospel to the Deaf of Russia. There is some question regarding the overall effectiveness of this approach, however, due to the differences between printed Russian and Russian sign language.

At present, there are many hearing churches that provide sign language interpretation during their services; however, there are relatively few churches specifically for the Deaf themselves.

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15 and Learning to Speak
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Country: Russia
Continent: Asia
Region: Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Persecution Rank:46 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Scattered. Moscow and Saint Petersburg are major centers.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Deaf
People Name General: Deaf
ROP3 Code: 114916
Joshua Project People ID: 19007
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 292,000
Population all Countries: 46,968,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Deaf
People Cluster: Deaf
People Name General: Deaf
Ethnic Code:
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Russian Sign Language (292,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): rsl    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.71 % 
Christianity66.90 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.60 % 
Hinduism0.03 % 
Islam12.50 % 
Non-Religious19.15 % 
Other / Small0.11 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Russian Sign Languag ...
Text / Printed MatterDoor International
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Deaf in Russia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Deaf     Europe, Eastern and Eurasia    
      Deaf Russia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Deaf in Russia          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Russian Sign Language  
    All Religions                              

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