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Fulani, Sokoto in Nigeria

Fulani, Sokoto

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Fulani, Sokoto in Nigeria map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
406,000 Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger Islam 0.10 % 0.04 % No   

Fulani, Sokoto in Nigeria

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Introduction / History
The Sokoto Fulani are a sub-group of the much larger Fulani people, a tribe that is spread across much of West Africa. The Fulani live in northern Nigeria alongside the Hausa people. The Sokoto region, which lies in the far northern part of the country, houses some of the ruling class of the Fulani, known as the Toroobe. The Toroobe exercise authority and political power over the Hausa.

Many of the Sokoto Fulani have also spread into southern Niger. While some of the Fulani living in this area are educated aristocrats, others are Bororo, or semi-nomadic herdsmen (part shepherds and part farmers).

The Sokoto Fulani, then, are composed of the ruling class (Toroobe) and the semi-nomadic shepherds (Bororo). The area they occupy is an open grassland with narrow forested zones. Camels, hyenas, lions, and giraffes inhabit this region. Though the temperatures are extremely hot during the day, they are much cooler at night.

What are their lives like?
The semi-nomadic Sokoto Fulani engage in some supplementary farming, along with livestock production. Millet and other grains are their main crops. Milk, drunk fresh and as buttermilk, is their staple food, and meat is consumed only during ceremonial occasions. The cattle are herded by the men, although the women help with milking the cows. The women also make butter and cheese and do the trading at the markets. Among the Fulani, wealth is measured by the size of a family's herds.

The semi-nomadic Sokoto Fulani live in temporary settlements. During the harvest, the families live together in small huts that make up village compounds. Each compound is surrounded by the family's garden. During the dry season, the men leave their wives, children, the sick, and the elderly at home while they take their herds to better grazing grounds. Each village has a chief or headman to handle village affairs.

Like the Toroobe (ruling class), the semi-nomadic Sokoto Fulani are divided into age groups of three or four year intervals. The youth in these age groups work together and help each other during their early years. A man usually selects a bride from his age group.

The settled Sokoto Fulani (the Toroobe, or ruling class) are an influential people who live in towns and cities. They are usually government workers, tax collectors, and municipal rulers. These Sokoto Fulani are educated and dominate the leadership of Islam in the area. Although they may own some cattle, their real interests lie in administration, law, religion, and education. Their children are encouraged to go to school and do well.

The settled Sokoto Fulani are very intelligent people. In fact, the Sultan of Nigeria belongs to this ruling class. Because the Fulani were a moral, pious group who had an interest in learning, the duties of the Muslim mosque were passed to them, eventually making them the leaders of the Muslim faith. Mallams ("men of learning") are revered and treated with respect in their culture.

Since the Fulani converted to Islam, their women have had more restrictions placed upon them than in previous times. Their former free lifestyles are now confined by the rules of Islam. Today, men are considered socially and morally superior to women, thus dominating them.

What are their beliefs?
The ruling class of Sokoto (Toroobe), like other Fulani groups, believe they are descendants of Abraham and believe in a supernatural God who created everything. They follow the strict moral code of the devout Muslim. The genuinely godly among them strive to attain sanctity and, in turn, supernatural powers. Those that are not so religious engage in fortune-telling. They may also make charms and medicines for those who believe in their powers.

What are their needs?
The Sokoto Fulani are virtually all Muslim. Much prayer is needed to loosen the hold that Islam has on their lives.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into Nigeria to minister to the Sokoto Fulani.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Sokoto Fulani.
* Pray that God will give Sokoto Fulani believers in Nigeria boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth vigorous Sokoto Fulani Christian fellowships for the glory of His name!
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Fulani, Sokoto in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-01-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-02-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-02-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-02-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-02-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-10-19
Link Up Africa
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Country: Nigeria
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:12 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fulani, Sokoto
People Name General: Fulani, Sokoto
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 109381
Joshua Project People ID: 19093
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 406,000
Population all Countries: 1,473,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fulani, Sokoto
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger (406,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fuq    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: 0.04 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.90 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic20.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2006
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Fulfulde New Testament
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Fulani, Sokoto in Nigeria

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Fulani / Fulbe     Africa, West and Central    
      Fulani, Sokoto Nigeria    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fulani, Sokoto in Nigeria          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger  
    All Religions                              

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