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Sangu in Tanzania

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Sangu in Tanzania map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
202,000 Sangu Ethnic Religions 25.00 % 5.00 % No   

Sangu in Tanzania

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Introduction / History
The Sangu people are the original pastoral inhabitants of a vast area of flatlands near the Ruaha River. In the 1870s and 80s, Baluch people from Pakistan emigrated into the area, starting farms, intermarrying, and bringing Islam. Many Tanzanian groups have also moved into the area in search of good grazing land for their cattle. The Maasai, Datooga, Sukuma, and Nyakusa are a few of those Tanzanian groups.

Despite all the neighbors, some Sangu live in isolated settings. Those who herd animals as their primary economic activity require a lot of space. Agricultural Sangu tend to live in villages and towns along the roads. Some in the larger towns also have small businesses.

Life can be difficult in the more remote areas. In the dry season, some people travel up to twelve kilometers to get water. During the rainy season, many places are completely inaccessible by land due to flooding; however, several airstrips provide access to the area.

Islam and Christianity have a long history with the Sangu. Islam came via the early Pakistani immigrants, but its practice is mainly limited to the larger villages possessing mosques. The Lutheran church arrived in 1898, the first among many Christian denominations to start work in the Sangu area. For the most part, these churches are in close proximity to the main road. Generally they serve a broad mixture of people, and the Sangu comprise only a minority of the church members. In more remote areas, the Sangu people follow neither of these "outside" religions. They prefer their traditional religion. It is strong among the Sangu, and even the majority of Muslims and Christians continue to practice it alongside their chosen religion. It was said by one church leader that the Sangu will never leave their traditional religion because it works for them. When they pray for rain, for example, it comes.

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Country: Tanzania
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Mbeya region: Mbarale district, Usangu plains; west central Iringa region.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sangu
People Name General: Sangu
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 115350
Joshua Project People ID: 19116
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 202,000
Population all Countries: 202,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Bantu, Central-Tanzania
People Name General: Sangu
Ethnic Code: NAB57o
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sangu
Language Code (ISO): sbp    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Sangu (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity25.00 %(Evangelical: 5.00 %)
Ethnic Religions50.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam25.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent5.00 %
Protestant35.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic60.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2010–2016
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Sangu in Tanzania

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bantu, Central-Tanzania     Africa, East and Southern    
      Sangu Tanzania    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sangu in Tanzania          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Sangu  
    All Religions                              

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