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Pahari in Nepal


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Pahari in Nepal map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
16,000 Nepali Hinduism 2.52 % Unknown   

Pahari in Nepal

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Where are they located?
The Pahari people of Nepal, whose native language is Pahari, live in the central hill areas of Nepal. The largest Pahari populations are found in the hilly areas of Central Lalitpur and Central/Northeast Kavre districts at an altitude ranging around 5200 feet, generally along the ridgeline. Some settlements can be found in the lower regions of Rautahat and Makwanpur districts at altitudes of about 640 feet.

What are their lives like?
The Pahari language and culture is closely related to that of the Newar people. Pahari communities are usually found within larger villages consisting of multiple people groups and are therefore a multilingual society. Of the 13,615 Pahari people in Nepal only 25% speak their mother tongue of Pahari. Although Pahari people generally think positively of their mother tongue, it is becoming less common for Pahari to be transmitted to the youngest generations since they see greater value in Nepali fluency as it is the language of education and trade.

Traditional Pahari homes are typically made of mud and cow dung, though homes are now being built with cement. It is common for three generations to live under one roof, with the wife moving into her husbands family home. Most homes have electricity (often solar), TV and radio. Most families have access to a water pump. However, because they live on ridgelines, some have had issues with wells running dry. Water treatment is generally required. Food includes 2-3 meals a day of rice and lentil sauce with curried vegetables.

Traditionally, Pahari people worked as farmers and weavers of baskets and rugs. Today, most Pahari people farm their own fields growing rice and vegetables, while a few continue to make and sell woven products. It is becoming increasingly common for Pahari people living in the Kathmandu area to commute to the city by public bus or privately owned motorcycle.
Pahari tend to live in multi-ethnic villages and therefore have historically been bilingual or multilingual in Pahari, Nepali and other regional languages. Adults 25 years and older speak Pahari and Nepali. School is taught in Nepali and therefore Pahari children usually learn Nepali as their mother tongue.

What are their beliefs?
The Pahari church is growing In some villages in Lalitpur, 10-20% of the Pahari population is Christian. In the lower elevation Pahari settlements, about 40% of the Pahari population reports to be Christian.

What are their needs?
Christian Pahari people attend multi-ethnic churches in which the language of worship, prayer, and scripture is in Nepali. There is no scripture available in Pahari. Although there has been no request for translation of the scriptures, some Pahari individuals have indicated interest in oral Bible stories.

National missionaries have been active in Pahari communities in the past decades and Pahari Christians also evangelize their own communities. Cross-cultural missionaries could be needed to encourage the Pahari church and help with Bible schooling and pastoral training.

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Country: Nepal
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:48 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:16,000
Largest Provinces:
Bagmati (11,000)Narayani (2,100)
Janakpur (1,900)Mahakali (100)
Seti (100)Sagarmatha (90)
Karnali (70)Bheri (40)
Kosi (40)Mechi (30)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pahari
People Name General: Pahari
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 115804
Joshua Project People ID: 19418
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 16,000
Population all Countries: 16,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Pahari
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Nepali (10,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Newar: Pahari (3,600)Dotyali (100)
Wambule (100)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism22.43 % 
Christianity2.52 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism70.76 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.23 % 
Unknown4.06 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1914-2012
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoNew Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Nepali
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Nepali
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pahari in Nepal

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Pahari Nepal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pahari in Nepal          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Nepali  
    All Religions                              

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