Introduction / History The Musi people group live throughout the regencies of Musi Banyuasin and Musi Rawas. Their name comes from the Musi river along which they live. In the Musi Banyasin Regency, the Musi people live in the districts of Sekayu, Sanga Desa, Sungai Keruh and Babat Toman. In the Musi Rawas Regency they live in the Muara Lakitan and Muara Kelingi districts. There are also many Musi people living in Palembang who tend to live in groups together with other Musi people. The Musi Rawas Regency is a very isolated area as the roads are not good from Sekayu or Lubuk Linggau.
What are their lives like? The means of livelihood among the Musi is often strenuous work including farming, hunting and fishing. They also work in a variety of other fields such as forestry, transportation, construction, education and government work. Those living in the city of Palembang work as university professors, research specialists, land developers, shipyard workers and bicycle rickshaw drivers. Many of their traditional raised platform houses, both above land and water, are being replaced with modern style homes. This is happening because of many factors, one being that the wood materials for the raised platform are difficult to maintain. In Musi culture, a young engaged woman becomes the responsibility of her fiance. He must pay for all of her needs except food which is still her parents' responsibility. The Musi use the patrilineal system for their line of descent. Within the family, the husband is responsible for making a living and protecting his family. The wife's responsibilities are to take care of the tidiness and harmony of the home so that the husband can say, "My home is my heaven." Within the Musi Sekayu families male children are preferred because they are perceived as a guarantee for the country's future as well as guaranteeing the continuation of their hereditary line.
What are their beliefs? Almost all of the Musi follow the religion of Islam. Building a house of worship other than a mosque is not allowed in the Musi area by the local government. The Musi have two differing opinions concerning changing one's religion. The first opinion is that changing one's religion is not allowed by a Musi Muslim for any reason. The other opinion is that changing one's religion is an individual right, so it would not be a problem for a person to change. Marriage between people of different religions is also not allowed. The non-Muslim partner must change their religion to Islam which can be done by saying the sentence which professes faith in Islam and, if he's a man, he must also be circumcised. If one of the partners does not want to change their religion then the marriage is considered invalid. The reason Musi people are Muslim is because their ancestors were Muslim. They follow the Islamic religion because it has been passed down to them and is a part of their culture and not because they understand it or have faith in it. Because of this, religious worship is not an important factor in their lives but rather, it is a part of their identity.
What are their needs? Musi livelihood consists of only small rice and rubber crops. Rice can only be planted and harvested once a year even though the average Musi person lives along the Musi River. The Musi River is a very large river that empties into all of the other rivers in South Sumatra. Because of their dependence on rice as their livelihood, the Musi people need irrigation technology so they can make use of the river water for irrigating their rice farms in order to have two or three harvests a year.
Sumatera Selatan Province, widespread in northern 2 thirds of province; Musi river upstream to Bukit Barisan mountains, downstream to eastern coastal swamplands; into northeast Lampung Province; a few small border areas in Jambi and Bengkulu provinces. (Source: Ethnologue 2016)