People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Oromo, Jima in Ethiopia

Oromo, Jima

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Oromo, Jima in Ethiopia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,911,000 Oromo, West Central Islam 2.00 % 1.30 %   

Oromo, Jima in Ethiopia

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The various Oromo people groups are the largest, most widely dispersed groups in Ethiopia. They also reside in Kenya, Somalia and Egypt. Composed of approximately a dozen tribal clusters, these peoples prefer just the term "Oromo" when speaking of themselves. Nearly all of these peoples speak mutually intelligible dialects of a language called "Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji". Although they retain similarities in their descent system, they differ considerably in religion, lifestyle, and political organization.

It is believed that the Oromo were pushed westward from the Horn of Africa by the Somali during the tenth century. Together with the Amhara and the Tigrai, they dominated the government and military classes of the Ethiopian Empire. In the 1700s and 1800s, these peoples became a prominent force in Abyssinian (Ethiopian) politics. During the nineteenth century, they converted to Islam.

What are their lives like?
The Oromo are herdsmen with a warrior tradition. They determine a man's status by the number of livestock he owns. Virility and male attributes are considered desirable, with bravery and war skills being stressed. Riding, spear throwing, and fighting are also emphasized. Although warfare against enemies is honored, peace within the group is demanded.

The Oromo live in rural areas where they make a living primarily from raising animals along with some farming. The typical dwelling is a tukal, or a circular hut made of acacia branches covered with grass mats. The cone-shaped roof has an opening that allows smoke to escape. Villages are made up of 10-80 families. Their staple diet includes durra (a cereal grain), maize, beans, rice, milk, meat, and wild fruits. Coffee and tea are both popular beverages.

The Oromo family is headed by an authoritarian father who has the right to expect total obedience. Men usually have only one wife, and children are considered a necessity. The more children and grandchildren a man has, the greater his prestige.

Oromo boys are taught to use a spear and begin training at an early age to become warriors. The killing of a man was customarily a part of becoming a full-fledged adult, as well as part of certain festivals. In fact, traditionally, a man ready to marry was expected to present part of a man who he had killed to his bride. Wild animals are now used instead of humans.

One basic value of the Oromo is tokuma, which is identification with the group. The religious, social, political, and economic life of the Oromo revolves around this. Cooperation is central to this system, especially in work arrangements.

Oromo have a reputation for being easygoing and sociable. They value hospitality and almsgiving, especially to relatives and friends.

Some Oromo have moved to the towns, attracted by employment opportunities and modern schooling. Others have entered national security forces, the industrial labor force, or fields of trade, transportation, and education.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of the Oromo are Muslim; however, their traditional religion is still practiced by a minority of the population. These ethnic religionists worship a supreme being named Waqa. Wadaja feasts are organized on various occasions, and livestock is sacrificed in Waqa's honor. Today, these feasts reflect a Muslim influence.

Many people still believe that objects such as trees, springs, and rocks have spirits. It is also believed that spirits called jinn may take possession of people. While fasting during Ramadan (the Muslim holy month) is observed by most adults, celebration of other Muslim festivals is limited.

What are their needs?
Oromo villages usually have no electricity. Medical care is poor, and access to medicine is limited. Their water supply comes from rivers and springs.

Ethiopia was one of the first nations embracing Christianity. Translations of Bible portions began as early as 1870. Yet they took almost 100 years to be completed. The New Testament was finished first in 1979, with the whole Bible being completed in 1995. However, this version uses a different alphabet than the one currently being taught.

Today, there is a great need for Christian workers among the Oromo. Also, leadership training and discipleship of new believers is critical if growth is to continue and new churches are to be planted.

Prayer Points
Pray that the Lord of the Harvest would call Ethiopian Christians to work among the Oromo.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to the church planters that are focusing on the Oromo.
Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio in their area.
Pray that God will give the Oromo believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Oromo who will boldly declare the Gospel.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
Ask the Lord to bring forth a holy Oromo church for the glory of His name!

View Oromo, Jima in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-01-20
  Submit Update:
Country: Ethiopia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Oromo, Jima
People Name General: Oromo, Jima
Alternate People Names:
Oromo, Jimma
ROP3 Code: 103355
Joshua Project People ID: 19653
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,911,000
Population all Countries: 3,911,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Oromo
People Name General: Oromo, Jima
Ethnic Code: CMT33b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Oromo, West Central (3,911,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gaz    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Jimma
Dialect Code:1457
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.00 %(Evangelical: 1.30 %)
Ethnic Religions1.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam96.50 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1841-1981
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1899-1998
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Oromo, West Central
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWalking with Jesus video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Oromo, West Central
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Oromo, Jima in Ethiopia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Oromo     Africa, East and Southern    
      Oromo, Jima Ethiopia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Oromo, Jima in Ethiopia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Oromo, West Central  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: