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Hajam in Sri Lanka


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Hajam in Sri Lanka map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,000 Tamil Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Hajam in Sri Lanka

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Introduction / History
The Hajams or Hajjams are also known as the Nai Muslims or Turuk Navid. There is a long-standing tradition of the Hajam being hair-cutters, barbers and manicurists.

Where are they located?
The Hajams are found in nearly every part of India and most of Pakistan. In Nepal they can be found in almost any part of the Terai region. A small number live in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

What are their lives like?
The Hajam remains a respected caste of hair-cutters (hajamat). In some areas the Hajams are the owners of barber shops and salons. In the Muslim community they can often be an active part of the community as hair-trimming for major family events like weddings and funerals can involve them. Even minor ritual surgeries like circumcision can be conducted by some Hajam. In some communities they can also be match-makers, and some women assist with childbirth. Though they are Sunni Muslims, married women will often be distinguished by a nose-stud and the "bindi" dot on the forehead. They are not vegetarian and will eat beef with their rice, wheat or maize.

Hajam comedians known as shongs appear when a child is born, just before a circumcision, and at weddings. Wearing colorful costumes, singing and dancing, they often act drunk and ask for money during their comedy acts. They are a popular part of the Hajam people group's culture. While the antics of the shongs are entertaining, they also perform the more serious task of teaching Islamic beliefs through rituals and ceremonies, according to a March 3, 2007 article in Star Insight. In what might be compared to America's Halloween, the Hajams have found a way to celebrate, laugh, and, in the case of the jesters themselves, make money within the strict confines of Islam.

What are their beliefs?
This is a Muslim people group. Like other Muslims in South Asia, their form of Islam is affected by the ancient Hindu practices that they see around them. They might pray five times a day, fast during Ramadan each year, and even go on the pilgrimage to Mecca, but on a daily basis they often depend on various spirit beings.

What are their needs?
There is little to no ministry among the Hajams although they are a fairly large Muslim group in Sri Lanka. Even though their community can be slow to adopt new medicine and technology this group remains a strategic people to reach with the gospel as they have far-reaching connection into the Muslim community socially.

Prayer Points
Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Hajam people teachable and understanding hearts.
Pray that a strong movement of the Holy Spirit will bring entire Hajam families into a rich experience of God's blessing.
Pray for Hajam families to be drawn by the Holy Spirit to seek forgiveness, and to understand the adequacy of Christ's work on the cross.
Pray for teams of believers to do sustained, focused prayer for the Lord to open the hearts of Hajam family leaders to experience God's blessing through a movement of family-based discovery Bible studies.


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Country: Sri Lanka
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:5,000
Largest Provinces:
Western (1,200)Eastern (1,100)
Central (1,100)North Western (600)
North Central (400)Sabaragamuwa (300)
Southern (100)Northern (100)
Uva (100)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hajam
People Name General: Hajam
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112187
Joshua Project People ID: 19655
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 5,000
Population all Countries: 5,228,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Hajam
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (5,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Hajam in Sri Lanka

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - other     Asia, South    
      Hajam Sri Lanka    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hajam in Sri Lanka          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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