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Malay, Pontianak in Indonesia

Malay, Pontianak

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Malay, Pontianak in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
319,000 Malay Islam 3.00 % 0.01 %   

Malay, Pontianak in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Melayu Pontianak live in Pontianak Regency of West Kalimantan. Pontianak Regency is the area of Tepok Pakedai, the Kakap River, the Pinyuh River, Siantan, Mempawah Hilir, the Kunyit River and Tujuh Belas. In their area, the Melayu Pontianak live alongside Chinese and Madurese people. In a few places, the Melayu Pontianak also live alongside Sambas Malay people.

The Melayu Pontianak speak a dialect of Malay which cannot be easily understood by neighboring peoples such as the Sambas Malay, even though they also speak Malay languages. The city of Pontianak became the center of the Melayu Pontianak Kingdom, which was founded under the reign of Sultan Syarif Abdurachman Alkadrie on October 23, 1771.

What are their lives like?
The Melayu Pontianak are an agrarian people whose livelihoods depend on the yield of crops from their farmland as well as harvesting freshwater and saltwater fish. They cultivate rice, coconuts and rubber. Some Melayu Pontianak also work as civil servants or merchants.

The land where the Melayu Pontianak live consists of swampy lowlands only 0-100 meters above sea level. This makes it difficult for them to obtain clean water. Despite this, Pontianak is a relatively developed area. According to some, however, development in the area has been slowed by the fact that there is only one road from Pontianak by which one can reach other parts of West Kalimantan. As a result, the city of Pontianak does not operate as an economic center for West Kalimantan. Even though the infrastructure of the city is better, its level of economic development is lower than other areas.

The Melayu Pontianak have a bilateral system of kinship, which means that one's ancestry is traced by descent on both the father's side and the mother's side. After getting married, a new couple usually lives with the woman's parents until the birth of the first child. After this, they live in their own home. A Melayu Pontianak settlement is called a kampung. Generally, Melayu Pontianak houses are built on stilts two meters high in order to protect the inhabitants from wild animals.

Traditional clothing for men is called teluk belanda, which consists of a loose pair of pants called slawar, fashioned from woven silk cloth that covers from the waist to the knees and a rimless cap called kopiah. Women traditionally wear a long blouse called a kebaya and a long silk skirt embroidered with gold thread.

What are their beliefs?
The Melayu Pontianak are devout followers of Islam. Their art forms and culture are heavily influenced by Islamic culture. However, they still hold superstitious and animistic beliefs. This is evident in local rituals that blend Islamic culture with animistic elements. The Melayu Pontianak perform these rituals to mark births, weddings, funerals, work in the rice fields, constructions of new homes and other events.

Shamans are still very influential in the local system for treating illnesses and are consulted for advice on many subjects such as marriage plans, planting fields, or choosing names for children. According to legend, the Melayu Pontianak area is haunted by the ghost of a woman who died in childbirth. The word pontianak means 'childbirth' and later became the name of the city.

What are their needs?
One of the greatest needs of the Melayu Pontianak is better transportation access. Accessibility issues have caused the Melayu Pontianak to lag behind other Malay peoples in Southeast Asia in terms of education, industry and standard of living.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread in Peninsular Malaysia; also in Sarawak state: Kuching, Samarahan, Sri Aman, and Betong districts.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Malay, Pontianak
People Name General: Malay, Pontianak
ROP3 Code: 116019
Joshua Project People ID: 20291
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 319,000
Population all Countries: 319,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Malay
People Name General: Malay, Pontianak
Ethnic Code: MSY44y
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Malay (319,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): zlm    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.00 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam97.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1629-1932
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1733-2016
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malay
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Malay, Pontianak in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Malay     Asia, Southeast    
      Malay, Pontianak Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Malay, Pontianak in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Malay  
    All Religions                              

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