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Koya Dora in India

Koya Dora

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
36,000 Koya Hinduism 0.80 % Unknown   

Koya Dora in India

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Introduction / History
The Koya language, also called Koyi, is closely related to Gondi and has been strongly influenced by Telugu, the tongue of the neighboring Hindu population. The Koya are one of the few multi-racial and multi-lingual tribal communities in India. Most Koya speak either Gondi or Telugu, in addition to Koyi.

Since India's independence from the British in 1947, the Indian government has increased its influence over the Koya peoples. As a result, the Koya have rebelled numerous times. The Koya resent the restrictions that have been placed on their use of reserve forests and distillation of liquor. They also resent the hydroelectric projects and rehabilitation of refugees in their land.

Where are they located?
The Koya live in the forests, plains and valleys on both sides of the Godavari River, which lies in the central Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Many also live in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Odisha. The Koya are said to have migrated to central India from their original home in Bastar, northern India.

What are their lives like?
The Dora Koya are primarily farmers. They once shifted from one plot to another, farming various areas. However, the government has now restricted their movement and has encouraged them to farm on fixed plots. They showed the Koya how to farm coconut and coffee. They also granted the Koya permanent ownership rights to their land if they would grow rice there. In the hill regions occupied by the Koya, there are still no permanent farms. They grow crops in small clearings for only two or three years. Rice and tobacco are the main cash crops for those in the hill regions.

Their staple food is sorghum, but they have a strong affinity for palm juice. The Dora Koyas consider the palm tree as a gift of nature, and every family owns at least four to eight of them. During the four-month palm season, Koya families live almost entirely on palm juice.

Because their income from farming is very low, many of the Koya who do not own land work as hired farm laborers. Others weave bamboo baskets and sell them at the weekly markets to Hindu merchants. They also are excellent hunters. Good hunters are regarded as heroes. Hunting is valuable to provide food and protection from wild animals. Many still use bow and arrows for hunting and to attack their enemies. Koya gather forest produce to supplement the vegetables grown in their home gardens. Cattle are symbols of wealth, and they are kept for their dairy products, meat, fertilizer, and trade. They are also used in religious sacrifices.

The Dora Koya usually live in villages. Occasionally, they can be found living with other tribal and non-tribal peoples. Koya villages are located near dependable water sources. The larger villages are situated near the rivers while the smaller ones can be found in the hills and jungles. Their wood, thatch, and mud houses are built without windows. They usually have two rooms and a porch around the outside.

All Koya belong to one of five sub-divisions called gotrams. Every Koya is born into a clan, and he cannot leave it. Birth, marriage and death are three important celebrations in Koya villages. The family group is called the kutum. Sons usually live separately from the family, but still work the farm with their parents and brothers. They practice monogamy. Most marriages among adolescents are arranged by the parents with the consent of the girl. Marriage ceremonies last for three days in the summer when palm juice is plentiful. They involve both the bride and groom's villages.

What are their beliefs?
According to Dora Koya mythology, life originated from water. The Dora Koya practice their own ethnic religion, but also worship a number of Hindu gods and goddesses. Many Koya deities are female, the most important being the "mother earth." Village priests carry out their sacrifices. They believe their main deity still resides in a cave in the Bastar region.

The Dora Koya do not believe in heaven, hell, or reincarnation. When a person dies, his body is carried on a cot which is covered with grain, liquor, new clothes, money, and a cow's tail. At the appropriate place, the cot is faced towards the West, and the body is burned. They place the ashes in a clay pot. The Koya believe that their spirits either linger about the clay ancestor pot, patrol the sky over the village or wander about the village disturbing daily life.

What are their needs?
Cholera, smallpox, and malaria are big problems for the Dora Koya. They need quality medical care as well as health and hygiene education.

Prayer Points
Pray for Dora Koya families of believers loving and serving others to grow reproducing churches.
Pray for a chain reaction of Dora Koya families reaching families that results in thousands of new believers who share their faith with others.
Pray for grace and truth expanding into the entire Dora Koya society as all believers learn to love others.
Pray that churches and believers will bless their entire people group in such a way that God's love will change the Dora Koya people like yeast changes dough.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17282/IN
https://www.indiantribalheritage.org/?tag=koya
https://www.thebetterindia.com/130765/koya-tribe-odisha-female-journalist/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koya_(tribe)
http://www.peoplesoftheworld.org/hosted/koya/
https://www.encyclopedia.com/places/asia/japanese-physical-geography/koya

View Koya Dora in all countries.

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:36,000
Largest States:
Telangana (25,000)Andhra Pradesh (7,800)
Chhattisgarh (3,400)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Koya Dora
People Name General: Koya Dora
Alternate People Names:
DoraKoitur
कोया डोरा
ROP3 Code: 117988
Joshua Project People ID: 21165
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 36,000
Population all Countries: 36,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Koya Dora
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Koya (15,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kff    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (14,000)Kuvi (2,100)
Chhattisgarhi (600)Hindi (200)
Total Languages: 5
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.80 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.92 % 
Islam0.09 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.19 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1882-1889
New Testament:
1997-2016Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Koya
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Koya
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Koya Dora in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Koya Dora India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Koya Dora in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Koya  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=21165&rog3=IN