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Machhi Mitna in India

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Machhi Mitna in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
22,000 Gujarati Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Machhi Mitna in India

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Introduction / History
The Machhi Mitna are an indigenous people who live in the western Indian states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The word "Machhi" means fish. Their main occupation is fishing. The Machhi were originally hunter-gatherers who came to live in permanent villages in recent times. Some Machhi became Muslims during the period of the Mughals and are known as Machiyar today.

The main languages of the Machhi Mitna are Gujarati and Marathi. Many Christian resources are available in both languages including complete Bibles and the JESUS Film.

Where are they located?
The Machhi Mitna people live in the Indian states of Maharashtra and Gujarat states in western India mostly in villages along the coast of the Arabian Sea.

What are their lives like?
Fishing in in the Arabian Sea is the primary livelihood of most Machhi men. They go out daily in small boats carrying three to four men. The fish they catch they sell to other castes, who in turn sell the fish in markets. The Machhi men make the boats and nets they use in their trade. If fishing is bad, the Machhi can starve.

Most Machhi adults are illiterate or functionally illiterate. Their children often leave school early to help their parents make a living. Women take care of the home and work in the fields. A caste counsel deal with legal disputes and promote Machhi interests.

The Machhi marry within their group, often within their clan. Cousins frequently marry their cousins. Sons inherit most property but a man's widow does receive a fraction of her late husband's wealth.

What are their beliefs?
The Machhi practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon and the spirits who inhabit nature. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Machhi visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Machhi people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What are their needs?
The Machhi need help in educating their children and overcoming the adult illiteracy problem. Their villages often lack access to modern medicine, electricity and indoor plumbing. They Machhi need to learn new job skills, which can bring them out of poverty. Most of all, the Machhi need to hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and get them right with the one, true God.

Prayer Points
Pray that believers in western Indian would reach out and share the gospel with the Machhi.
Pray for Machhi families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
Pray that God will overthrow spiritual forces of darkness opposing the spread of His Gospel among the Machhi people.


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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:22,000
Largest States:
Maharashtra (12,000)Gujarat (9,700)
Daman and Diu (200)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Machhi Mitna
People Name General: Machhi Mitna
Alternate People Names:
MachhiMitna Machi
Mitraमच्ची मिटना
ROP3 Code: 118008
Joshua Project People ID: 21185
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 22,000
Population all Countries: 22,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Machhi Mitna
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Gujarati (16,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): guj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Marathi (2,000)Konkani (600)
Hindi (100)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1809-1965
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1823-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gujarati
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Machhi Mitna in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Machhi Mitna India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Machhi Mitna in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Gujarati  
    All Religions                              

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