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Namassej Chandel in India

Namassej Chandel

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,702,000 Bengali Hinduism 0.49 % Unknown   

Namassej Chandel in India

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Introduction / History
As documented in British India gazetteers and surveys and hearsay, they are like many population groups of Bengal who were made outcaste during the Sen Dynasty due to their defiant nature and hunted to southern swamps till the Europeans came. They started migrating to the middle part of Bengal. The caste apartheid which ostracized them also to some extent protected them from mixing. However nowadays they are more or less accepted, particularly among uprooted Bengali Hindu settlements.

They identified themselves by their mythical clan Rishi Buddhas. The major clan is named after Rishi-Buddha Kashyap; or Mahakashyap after Nirvana. Mythologically they have the gotra name Kashyapa and follow the rituals of Muktavarna Sanatan according to the Kashyap gotra name. They were named Namsudra during the British regime and the use of the sanction term "Chandal" was banned by official order of the British-India government.

Now the community has gained acknowledgement under the name "Namassej" named after the Namas Rishi, son of the great clan Rishi Buddha Kashyapa. All other clans like Gautama, Lomasha, Sandilya and Bhardwaj have adopted the rituals of the Kashyapa clan. The community is the Namassej Muktovarno warrior clan now and follows the Avarna Sanatan Matua path. They are ideologically also influenced by Reverend Mead and other missionaries.

The discourse "Namassejsantokotha" highlights the influences of different spiritual ideologies. The One Great Book In Bengali named "Gour Bharata O Candala Mahavansha" by Samarendranath Baidya, where with the help of different historical elements it has been shown beyond doubt that they are actually the lost "warrior clan (Muktavarno) from the Chandel Kingdom" who fled to the Eastern zone and to Bengal and from the identity name "Chandel-land warriors nee Chandela ', due to social conflicts, the term was changed to "Chandala" and this further derogated to the word "Chanral".

Historically a large community is never sanctioned by the "Chandal" legislation and in this book it has been shown that the Namassej or Namassej Chandel community was neither sanctioned by the socio-religious legislation nor is it actually "Chandal" (nee "Chanral") outcaste but due to socio-religious conflict this "Chandel people" were known derogatorily as "Chanral". (it is documented that the Varna Samaj even allowed them to wear sacred thread --- Adwaybajra wrote in Dohakosh Panjika; quoted in Dr. Sukumar Sen's History of Bengali Literature, 1st Vol ISBN 81-7066-966-9; page 18 ref 7 Ananda 1st Edition, January 1991)

The book,"Gour Bharata O Candala Mahavansha" has not given any link showing them related to any of the Rajput clans nor does the genetics of Y-Happloid (R1a1 and R2) prove them to be related to the tribes like Gond, Bhil, Meena etc. In all probability, it is a warrior clan denied acceptance into the Varna-apartheid system and which remained Muktavarno. Most probably they were the same warrior people of The Desh Chandela or the Chandela people. The mythology of namassejsantokotha mentions their migration in Gondoridi in three clans in mythological stories.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,702,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (1,099,000)Assam (349,000)
Tripura (81,000)Bihar (68,000)
Odisha (65,000)Jharkhand (7,100)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (6,200)Maharashtra (4,300)
Uttar Pradesh (2,000)Manipur (1,500)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Namassej Chandel
People Name General: Namassej Chandel
Alternate People Names:
नमास्सेज चंदेलनलावार
ROP3 Code: 118033
Joshua Project People ID: 21212
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,702,000
Population all Countries: 3,848,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - Namassej
People Name General: Namassej Chandel
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bengali (1,038,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (220,000)Hindi (92,000)
Odia (46,000)Maithili (23,000)
Sadri (13,000)Amri Karbi (5,200)
Kok Borok (2,200)Desiya (600)
Kurux (400)Mundari (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 14
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.03 % 
Christianity0.49 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.47 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1809-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
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Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
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Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
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Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Bengali
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Namassej Chandel in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - Namassej     Asia, South    
      Namassej Chandel India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Namassej Chandel in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    All Religions                              

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