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Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) in India

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
26,000 Punjabi, Eastern Other / Small 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Ravidas are part of a subgroup of Chamar Dalits. Chamars represent the largest population of Dalits in India. Their traditional occupation is that of leather worker. Within the Ravidas subgroup, most are Hindu. There is a small Sikh population among them. Most of the Sikh Ravidas Chamar live in Punjab, Haryana. Smaller numbers are in other northern states.

What are their lives like?
The Ravidas make shoes, belts and other goods from leather. Some Sikh Ravidas have left their former occupation to weave bamboo into baskets and other useful items. Still others work as landless laborers on tea plantations and farms.
Unfortunately, illiteracy is an issue for the Sikh Ravidas. Without a proper education, they have little opportunity to escape their lives of poverty and exclusion.

What are their beliefs?
Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sow in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God.
One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns.
There are roughly the same number of Sikhs as there are Jews in the world, but Sikhs are most concentrated in Punjab, their homeland. However, you will find smaller numbers of Sikhs all over the world. Many of the best Indian restaurants in the West are owned and operated by Sikhs.

What are their needs?
The lives of the Ravidas Chamar, like the lives of all Dalits, are challenging. They are excluded from many aspects of Indian life by their Dalit classification. The Indian constitution outlaws the caste system, but it still ingrained in the hearts of the Hindus. Most Ravidas live in rural villages without the modern blessings of clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing.
The Ravidas marry within their caste. Their own priests lead important life ceremonies since Brahmins will not work with them. Families arrange marriages. Sons inherit property with most going to the eldest son. The newly married Ravidas couple lives with or near the groom's parents.
The main foods of the Ravidas Chamar are rice, sorghum and seasonable vegetables and fruit. The Ravidas are not vegetarians but as Hindus they will not eat beef.

Prayer Points
The Ravidas Chamar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Their main gods are Vishnu, the preserver and Shiva, the destroyer. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Ravidas offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods at their village shrines because at Dalits they are often not allowed to enter standard Hindu temples.
The main yearly holidays of the Ravidas people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.

The Ravidas Chamar have pressing needs. They need help in getting an education for their children. They need help in bringing clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing to their villages. Most of all, they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.

View Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) in all countries.

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:26,000
Largest States:
Punjab (22,000)Jharkhand (2,200)
Haryana (900)Uttar Pradesh (400)
Rajasthan (200)Uttarakhand (50)
Chhattisgarh (10)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions)
People Name General: Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions)
Alternate People Names:
HarijanJata Chamar
JatiaJatia Chamar
ROP3 Code: 118599
Joshua Project People ID: 21812
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 26,000
Population all Countries: 26,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - Chamar (Bhambi)
People Name General: Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (15,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (6,600)Bengali (300)
Bagri (100)Haryanvi (90)
Bhojpuri (Unknown)Kumaoni (Unknown)
Dhundari (Unknown)Chhattisgarhi (Unknown)
Garhwali (Unknown)Marwari (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 12
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small100.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1959-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterDownload scripture in this language
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - Chamar (Bhambi)     Asia, South    
      Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Ravidas Chamar (Sikh traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Other / Small     Punjabi, Eastern  
    All Religions                              

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